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Commitment to the Almighty God is the highest priority for the Christian and it cannot be taken lightly because of its eternal implications. There should be assurance of salvation that is Bible based, which lasts forever.

There is a need for an extra spiritual effort on the souls saved to get them established, localized in a church fellowship and mobilized until they too become soul winners.It is not enough for the believer in Christ to go forth and bear fruits in obedience to the Lord’s command but must also ensure that the fruits abide.

This is why the Workers-in-Training programme is packaged to equip believers for service unto God and the edification of the body of Christ. Our prayer is that at the end of these teachings, you would have become a true Christian, on fire for God and ready to take up mountains.

God bless you as you get empowered for the work of ministry.

Pastor E. A. Adeboye

This manual is used for Workers in Training in the RCCG. Dont know what Workers in Training is all about? Simply proceed to the link below to download and start making use of this resource:

Workers in Training manual File Download

You may also read through it here. God Bless you!


MEMORY VERSE: Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to Himself. Eph. 1:5.
BIBLE PASSAGE: Galatians 4:1-7

INTRODUCTION: When a man is born again, he begins a new life in Jesus Christ. When he is justified, the memory of his past sins is wiped away and he is credited with righteousness of Christ. Adoption admits him into the family of God with all the joys that a son can have in the household of his father. In the new birth, the believer becomes a child of God as a baby in Christ, in adoption that child receives the position of an adult son, and that is, the baby becomes as adult. (Gal. 4:7). A baby is not much different from a servant until he becomes an adult.

Adoption has only one condition and that is faith in Christ Jesus. (Gal. 3:26). That is of course if you are already born again and justified by God. Once that is the case, all you have to do to be adopted is to claim your adoption by faith in Christ Jesus.

We do not have to wait till we have been a saint for one year or ten years. Adoption can occur the moment one believes in Jesus Christ or right now (1 John 3:2). However, adoption will only be completed at the resurrection when we enter His presence. (Romans 8:23). Very often in this world, we are not recognized as sons of God. But on the resurrection morning, those of us who remain in the faith will occupy our rightful positions.

You will know that you have been adopted when you begin to be led by the Holy Spirit of God. (Romans 8:14). Guidance by the Holy Spirit in every little thing of life is the proof of adoption. The Holy Spirit will guide any son of God into the truth of God. (John 16:13).

There are so many blessings that we cannot list them all. We shall mention just a few. (a) You can now confidently call God your Father (Roman. 8:15). Remember, a slave can only call his master Lord. A slave was never allowed to address his master as “Abba.” But on adoption, you can call Jesus Christ, “My Father and my God.” (b) God loves all His adopted children exactly the same way He loves Jesus Christ (John 17:23). (d) He will also correct you as and when necessary, like any good earthly father does (Heb. 12:5-11). (e) You will have the assurance that one day you will gather with the other sons of God in Heaven. (Jn. 14:14-23), (f) and when you gather, it is to receive your Father’s inheritance (1 Pet. 1:3-4). Is that not wonderful? Should anything in this world attract someone away from God? God forbid!

As a child of God, I must follow the footsteps of the one who called me. (1 Pet.2:21). As a member of the Royal family of Heaven, I must behave in such a way that people will not have cause to tarnish the image of my Father. (Matt.5:16).Since God chose me due to no merit of mine, I should show my gratitude by continuously praising Him (I Pet. 2:9-10). Finally, I should love and obey Jesus Christ who made it possible for me to become a child of God. Knowing that I can only demonstrate my love for Him by loving my fellowmen (1 John 4:20), therefore I should love my fellowmen also (Jn. 15:17). Are you ready for the blessings and responsibilities of adoption? Will you like to pray about it now?

1. What is the difference between new birth, justification and adoption?
2. What is the condition for adoption?
3. What are the blessings of adoption?
4. What are the responsibilities of adoption?

MEMORY VERSE: For he shall give his angels charge ove thee, to keep thee in all thy ways. Ps. 91:11.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Psalm 91:1-16

INTRODUCATION: Little attention is paid to the study of angels today because many people consider such a study almost valueless. However, we should not underestimate the ministry of angles, particularly that of guardian angels; we certainly do not know how much we owe to them (Matt. 18:10). We are not to worship angels (Col. 2:18). But knowing about them and what they do will increase our thanksgiving to the Lord of Hosts. The word “angel” first occurs in (Gen. 16:7). They are created by God but the time of creation is not specifically mentioned. Paul believed in angels and talked about “Jesus and His angles” (11 Thess. 1:7).

Angels are spirit beings (Heb. 1:14). As spirits, angles are not bound by natural human laws. Therefore angels can enter locked rooms (Acts 12:7). Open doors without keys (Acts 5:19) and ascend in a flame (Jud. 13:19-20). They can travel great distances quickly and are wiser than men (11 Sam.14:20). Angels are very strong (Ps. 103:20). For example, one angel killed 185,000 Assyrian soldiers in one night (11 Kg. 19:35), another slew 70,000 Israelites following David’s sin in 11 Sam. 24:15-16. One angel thwarted the power of Rome, Broke the seal and rolled away the stone from the Lord’s tomb, (Matt. 28:2, 4). Also, one angel will one day bind the devil and imprison him for a thousand years. There are various ranks and orders of angels: Michael is called an archangel (Jude 9). There are also angels, principalities, powers, dominions and thrones (Col. 1:16,
1 Thess.4:16). Angels are immortal, Lk. 20:35-36.

Angels seem to be innumerable (Rev. 5:11) gives their number as “ten thousands of thousands.” (Heb. 12:22) refers to them as “an innumerable company of angels.” In (Matt.26:53), Jesus spoke of “Legions of angels” No wonder we can rest secure since our Saviour, the Lord of Hosts is in charge of the innumerable angels.

The duties of angels are many and varied. For example, in heaven, they are to honour, worship and serve the Lord God (Rev. 5:11-12). On earth, they are to run errands for the Lord e.g. showing Hagar a fountain, releasing chains from Peter, opening prison doors etc. they also act as divine policemen and soldiers to execute God’s judgements and purpose e.g. to block Balaam’s pathway (Num.22:22), to kill Herod (Acts 12:23). And (This one concerns sinners!) to gather the sinful tares at the last judgement and burn them (Matt. 13:41). Their duties also include guiding believers (Acts 8:26); assisting, protecting and strengthening saints e.g Elijah in (1 Kings. 19); Daniel in the Lions den, (Dan. 6:22), and Jesus in (Lk. 22:43). They will accompany our Lord when He returns and we shall see them then (Matt. 25:31, 11 Thess. 1-1-8). And should we die before the Lord returns, it is angels that will take us to heaven at death, (Lk. 16:22).

Any born-again child of God is superior to any angel. Angels are Ministering spirits, they are to take care of us (Heb. 1:14). In fact one day we shall judge angels (1 Cor. 6:3), that is if we remain true to the Lord to the end; otherwise they will help to throw us to hell fire!

When some angels sinned, the Lord did not provide a Saviour for them. How wonderful then that the lord of Hosts Himself had to die for ordinary dusts like us. Let us therefore remain in grace if only to show our gratitude to Him.

1. How many angels are there?
2. What is their duty?
3. Give two ways that men are superior to angels?

MEMORY VERSE: The Spirit itself beareth witness with our Spirit, that we are the children of God. Romans 8:16.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Romans 8:1-17
INTRODUCTION: In many churches today, some think that they are Christians, some hope so, some say so and only a few know that they are saved. But a person is either saved or lost. You are either “In Christ” or outside Christ. There is no half way. Just as there is no half way in marriage: you are either married or not. To be sure you are saved is to be absolutely confident that if you die suddenly, you would immediately go to heaven. Do you have this assurance? Are you sure?

Those who have done the following things can know for sure that they are saved. Those who (a) have repented and forsaken their sins (Isa. 55:7), (b) and have confessed their sins (Prov. 28:13), (c) and have believed that Jesus Christ is the Son of God (Jn. 3:16,36), (d) have called on Him for mercy (Lk. 18:13) and (e) have received Him as their personal Saviour and Lord (Jn. 1:12).
Anyone who had sincerely done these things could have an assurance of salvation. But note that the repentance must be genuine if it is to lead to true salvation.

Our assurance of salvation cannot be based on feelings. Some people feel a great joy at the moment of Salvation, others do not feel anything. The major reason why our assurance cannot be based on feelings is because Satan might influence or control feelings. To side track Satan, God has given us three things upon which to base our assurance.

(a) The Word of God: Whatever is written is written in the Word of God cannot be false and it is settled forever. Now it is written, (1 John 5:13), that if you believe Jesus Christ then you know that you have eternal life. There are several other passages in the Bible that support our assurance. For example (John 5:240 and (Romans 10:13).

(b) The witness of the Holy Spirit. (Romans 8:16). Before salvation, the work of the Holy Spirit is to convict a sinner of his sin and make real to him the danger of the judgment to come. Immediately He brings the sinner to the point of salvation, He starts? New ministry in the believer, speaking peace to the believer’s soul, thus creating in him the inner rest that confirms to the individual that he really belongs to Jesus now.

(c) The changed life. (11Cor. 5:17). A person who is truly saved is a new creature in Christ. Everyone around sees the change in his life. He has new desires, new likes, new dislikes, new loves and new hatreds. Evil habits disappear and deep love for other believers and things of God continue to manifest itself.

A man will start to doubt his salvation (a) if he fails to trust the Word of God. To doubt the Word of God is a terrible sin in itself since to doubt the Word of God amounts to doubting God Himself. (b) if he sins and backslides. If a man sins after salvation, he must immediately confess such sins to God and beg for forgiveness. (1 John 1:9). To delay is dangerous since it will lead to backsliding and to hell. However we must remember that if any backslider decides to return home, God is always willing to accept them back. But to die a backslider is to spend eternity in hell. (c) If he remains worldly.

The love of the world chokes our desires for God, the Word and prayer. Jesus illustrated this in the parable of the sower. (d) If he lacks the fullness of the Holy Spirit (John 7:37-39). This is why a believer should strive to be baptized in the Holy Spirit as soon as possible after salvation. You cannot serve two masters if you are going to serve God, then go the whole length
with Him. Be saved, sanctified and baptized in the Holy Spirit. And why not now?

1. What is Salvation?
2. If you are sure of your salvation what does that mean?
3. On what can base your assurance of Salvation?
4. What are the causes of doubts and how to cure them?

MEMORY VERSE: Now the just shall live by faith: but if any man draws back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him. Hebrews 10:38.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Hebrews 10:19-39

INTRODUCTION: Often we find someone who starts off very well in the Christian race and then cools off later. Many times someone who used to be very hot for the Lord may even leave the Lord completely. When such a thing happens, thoughtful minds always ask, “who will be the next to leave the Lord?” Invariably, the answer is, “not me.” We are all kept by the grace and strength of the Lord.

He is able to keep us. However, we must constantly remember the warning of 1 Cor. 10:12. Because if we deliberately refuse His grace and assistance, we will fall.

Backsliding simply means turning away from God. (1 King 11:9). It is growing cold and leaving the first love (Rev. 2:4). It is turning from the joy and simplicity of the Gospel to salvation by law (Gal. 5:4). In other words, backsliding is growing cold and losing interest in the Lord, the Bible, prayer, church attendance and witnessing. It is turning from God and turning to the world.

Backsliding rarely happens suddenly. It is gradual process. It is always one backward step after another. It may take weeks, months or even years before the process is complete!.

There are so many causes of backsliding that it is impossible to list them all. We shall list as many as possible of these causes: (a) Covetousness, (Gen. 13:10). The major cause of Lot’s troubles was that he lusted for something that was not God’s will for him. (b) Pride. (Prov. 16:18). When you become too big to the controlled by your spiritual leaders, then you are on your way down. (c) Selfishness (Prov. 14:14). When you replace “Thy will be done” with “my will be done” then you are courting trouble. (d) Disobedience. (1 Sam. 15:110. Disobedience is the original sin. To obey is better than sacrifice. (e) Love of money. (Jn.13:29). As you know, the love of money is the root of all evil.

When you begin to love money more than God then remember that Judas Iscariot was an Apostle! But his place was taken by someone else. (f) Ambition for power. (Acts 8:19). No man can get anything unless it be given him from above. You cannot force God to give you a position He thinks you are not fit for. Remember, godliness with contentment is a great gain. (g) Love of the world (11 Tim. 4:10). A Servant cannot serve two masters. You cannot serve God and please the world at the sametime. Love of the world is enmity against God.

Added to all these causes are several others like (h) failure to pray. God command us to pray without ceasing. (i) Failure to read the Bible. God commanded us to study the Bible (11 Tim. 2:15). Infact, studying the Bible is one of the conditions for being blessed (Ps. 1:1-2). (i) Failure to attend church (Heb. 10:25). The soul needs the church as the tree needs the river (Ps. 1:3). (k) Failure to obey the Holy Spirit, thereby grieving Him (Eph.4:30). When you are led by the Holy Spirit to do anything, no matter how unreasonable it may appear to you, do it! (l) Failure to confess Christ (Mt.10:33).

A dynamic witness does not find it easy to sin. For example, you cannot fight in the neighbourhood where you have recently witnessed for Christ! (m) Failure to walk in the light (1 Jn.1:7). When you begin to love darkness more than light it can only mean that your deeds are evil.

MEMORY VERSE: And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh.
Joel 2:28.

INTRODUCTION: The baptism into the Holy Spirit involves both the Holy Spirit and Jesus Christ the Baptizer. Therefore, the baptism is preceded by total surrender and absolute commitment to Jesus. Without this He cannot baptize you in the Holy Spirit. In the case of water baptism, the candidate undergoes total immersion into the river. The candidate does not receive the river, it is the river receiving and overflowing the candidate. When the candidate enters the river, he does not swim about or dive, he walks calmly, resolutely (no going back, I will be baptized today) and keeps going until he stands close to the baptizer. At that point he hands over himself completely to the pastor who will then baptize him. In the case of the HolySpirit baptism, Jesus is the Baptizer, the Holy Spirit is the River, you are the candidate.

Anyone who has been born again and sanctified can be baptized into the Holy Spirit. God does not discriminate. He is no respecter of persons. Acts 2:17-18.

There are several reasons why you need to be baptized in the Holy Spirit. Here are some of them. Holy Spirit baptism gives you (a) power over sin (Gal. 5:16), (b) power for service (Acts 1:8), (c) power to rebuke evil spirits (Acts 19:13-16), (d) power to rebuke sin (Acts 13:8-11). Also it is the Holy Spirit that bears witness to your spiritual adoption (Rom. 8:16) and leads to dramatic changes in your life. For example, Saul of Tarsus was a great persecutor of Christians (Acts 9:1-2), but after he met the Lord Jesus Christ and he was baptized in the Holy Spirit, he became an entirely new person. (Acts 21:8, 11-13). Above all, it is God’s commandment that you must be baptized in the Holy Spirit (Eph. 5:18). And if God says so, then any true Christian must do what God says.

Why must I speak in tongues when baptized in the Holy Spirit? Can I be baptized without speaking in tongues? The answer is simple. Speaking in tongues is the immediate evidence that you have been baptized. And the reason is that if you surrender your car to a driver, the first thing he does is to take the steering wheel. Surrender your ship to God and the first thing He does is to take the helm to set your life on a new course (James 3:2, 4-5).

When I speak in a new tongue, who speaks, the Spirit or I? The answer is both! You speak as He gives utterance. You talk to God and He understands because you talk to Him with words that He gives upon your lips (Mk. 13:11).

To obtain the baptism, there are six steps to take: (a) Confess all your sins to Jesus (1 Jn. 1:9). (b) Renounce these sins (Ps. 66:18). (c) Surrender your life to Him (Rom. 6:13). This is very important. His will must not be at variance with yours. His will must be your will (PS. 40:8). The Holy Spirit is power. And power can be dangerous in the hands of an undisciplined or unsurrendered person. (d) Obey. You must be prepared to obey every command of Jesus Christ henceforth (Acts 5:32). (e) Believe. (James 1:6-7). The Holy Spirit is more anxious to fill you than you are to receive Him. What are you to believe? His promise, of course. Joel (2:28-29). Finally (f) Ask. It is who asks who receives (LK. 11:13).

Are you willing, are you determined? Remember the prodigal son: he said “I will arise and go!” He arose and went. No looking back. If you too are totally determined, then today is your day! Ask and receive the gift of God today.

1. Who is the Baptizer in the Holy Spirit?
2. Who can be baptized, a judge or a messenger?
3. Why do you need to be baptized?
4. Why must you speak in tongues?
5. What steps lead to the baptism?

MEMORY VERSE: Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. 1 John 2:15.

BIBLE VERSE: 11 Corinthians 6:14-18; Ephesians 5:1-8.

INTRODUCTION: In (1 Jn. 2:15), we are told to “Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If any man loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him.” The Apostle John went further in (1 John. 2:16). To explain to us the meaning of the word “world”. The “world” as used here means “the lust of the flesh” and the lust of the eye” and the “pride of life.” It also means the present world system that is controlled by Satan, together with its political systems, its systems of entertainments and so on. From all these things we are to be separated. These do no include the material blessings of this life which God gives liberally and richly for all to enjoy (1 Tim. 6:17).

Basically, we are to separate from all forms of sin and worldly pleasures and be separate unto God. In particular, there are specific things that are definitely forbidden.

(a) Marriage between a believer and an unbeliever is forbidden (11 Cor. 6:14-17). In (Amos 3:3), we read, “Can two walk together, except they are agreed?” This is a definite Biblical principle that does not change with the passing ages.

(b) We are to be separate from all works of darkness. Business partnership between believers and unbelievers are forbidden by this verse. Unbelievers have their ways of doing business that are definitel not righteous.

(c) We are to be separate from all works of darkness. Anything that cannot be done openly is evil. This includes all secret cults by whatever name they may be called. A Christian is expected to be the light of the world. Where light is, darkness automatically disappears.

(d) We are to be separate from Belial, the old devil (11 Cor. 6:15). This included all forms of idol worshipping and customs that are of pagan origin. Not only are we not be participate physically but we are not to contribute financially either. God the Son is dwelling in any truly born-again Christian and all that he is and has belong to Christ and they should not be used to glorify the devil.

(e) We are to be separated from infidels. We cannot even have fellowship with them at all.

(f) We are to be separated from heretics (11 Jn. 9:11). We are event not allowed to let such people stay in our home.

(g) We are to be separated from false teachers who dispute about basic doctrines (1 Tim. 6:5). Anyone who denies the virgin birth, the resurrection and the Divinity of Jesus Christ is to be avoided. Anyone who says you can continue in sin because you are under grace and not under the law is a false teacher. Anyone who denies the power in the Blood of Jesus Christ is to be avoided.

(h) We are to be separate from all known forms of sin and immortality including fornication, adultery, alcoholism, smoking 1 Pet. 1:16. Because our body is not our own, we are God’s Temple and God says whoever destroys His Temple will himself be destroyed.


There are situations when we are not sure whether to be separate or not. In such a situation, there are some guiding principles to help us decide on what to do.
(a) If my action causes my brother to stumble, then I must not do it. (1 Cor. 8:13).
(b) Whatsoever I do, I must be sure it will bring glory to God, otherwise I should not do it. (Col. 3:17).
(c) I must separate from anything that harms my body, physically, mentally or emotionally
(1 Cor. 6:19-20).
(d) The best rule is to ask: If Jesus were in my present situation, what would He do? Whatever the honest answer to that question is what I must do also (1 Pet.2:21).

If we live a life of separation from sin and worldly amusements and separated unto God, the following blessings shall be ours:

(a) We shall be transformed more and more into the image of Jesus Christ (Rom. 12:2).
(b) We Lord will receive us (11 Cor. 6:17).
(c) We shall be a “Vessel unto honour fit for the Master’s use” (11 Tim. 2:20-21).
In making up your mind whether or not to be separate, always remember Moses and Juda.
(Heb. 11:24-25). May the Lord guide your choice.

1. What is the meaning of the “World” as used in 1 Jn. 2:15?
2. From what things are we definitely to be separate?
3. When in doubt what are we to do?
4. What are the results of a life of separation?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more about this topic: James 4:4, 11 Tim. 4:10. Heb. 11:13, 1 Tim. 4:7, Gal. 3:2.

Whosoever therefore shall confess me before men, him will I confess also before my Father which is in heaven. Matthew 10:32
BIBLE PASSAGE: Rom. 10:8-18.

INTRODUCATION: There are two stages in the confession of Christ, one before salvation and leading to it (Rom. 10:9) and the other after salvation (Matt. 10:32-33). One may ask the question is it possible to be a secret believer? And the answer is yes, for a short time.” In John 19:38, Joseph of Arimathaea was a secret believer, but later he openly confessed Christ by asking for the body of Jesus. Similarly, no one who had been truly born-again can remain for long without letting people know that Christ has taken over his life.

There are six main reasons why a believer must confess Christ. These are:
(a) There are two parts to salvation: believing in the heart and confessing twine the mouth that Jesus Christ is Lord.
(b) Confession of Christ brings real joy to the convert.
(c) Confession of Christ solves many problems. Others know who you are and what you stand for and respect you for a clear- cut stand. The world despises a weak, cowardly and secret Christian. Temptations to worldly places of amusements are halted and invitations to Christian gatherings increase.
(d) A witnessing Christian is not likely to backsliders. Backsliders can trace their downfall to their failure to confess Christ publicly.
(e) If someone does a great thing for you, it is natural to tell everyone about it. We are saved by Christ, and this is the greatest thing anyone can do for us, therefore we should tell the news to everyone, and
(f) We must confess Christ audibly because Christ commanded it in Matt. 10:32-33.

Confessing Christ can be done.
(a) Publicly in a Church gathering, prayer meeting or open air crusade.
(b) Privately to your friends, relatives and neighbours, in daily conversion.
(c) In public baptism, in association with a good, truly spiritual, active Christian church.
(d) By constant attendance at Church services and
(e) To everybody, near and far by letters, phone calls etc. (Acts 1:8).

Is one public confession enough for life? No, it is something that we must do repeatedly. The Christian life that is not full of constant Christ confession will not grow. Such a Christian will gradually grow cold and may even die spiritually (Jer. 20:19). How can you hide a fire within your heart!

Confessing Christ is not necessarily preaching sermons, but telling the simple story of what Christ has done for us. Tell the simple fact of your conversion: what you used to be and what you are now. Tell about answers to prayer that you have received (Ps. 50:15). Tell about the satisfaction that Christ gives you and be sincere about it. Tell about personal victory over sin and temptations. Tell about how God speaks to you today during your private prayer time. Speak of the Saviour’s power to save, heal, bless and se6t free. Speak of His death, burial, resurrection, ascension, second coming and of future judgement.

There are three major hindrances to public confession of Christ, namely:
(a) Fear of man: Many people are afraid of what people will say or think about them if they know that they have accepted Christ. The cure for that is in (11 Tim. 1:7).
(b) Shame: Many are ashamed of publicly declaring for Christ. The cure for that is (11 Tim. 1:8).
(c) Impure life: Many are afraid that their personal lives are such that they should not be known as Christians. If that is the case, then may be you are not even saved yet. Then seek salvation first (1 John 1:9).

If we do not tell others about Christ and His powers, how then will they come to admire Him and accept Him? Ezek. 33:8 is a solemn warning to the silent believer on the Lord Jesus Christ! Pray for courage so that you may be able to start confessing Christ as from today.

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more: 1 Jn. 4:18, Ph. 4:13, 1 Cor. 12:3, Acts 5:20.

MEMORY VERSE: When they knew God, they glorified Him not as God, Romans 1:21.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Rom. 1:18-32.

INTRODUCATION: What is Conscience? Conscience is an internal judge examining all that I do and say. It cries out before any wrong doing, it does not keep quiet during the act and keeps “talking” even after the act. The word conscience does not appear in the Old Testament, instead the word “heart” is substituted (1 Sam. 24:5). Who has a conscience? Is it reserved for educated and civilized people only? No, all have consciences (11 Cor. 4:2). But there are various types of consciences: evil ones, pure ones, weak ones, good ones and so on.

Not all conscience are good. In fact, since the fall of man in the Garden of Eden. Many consciences had become darkened and defiled. The conscience of man suffered terribly in the fall (Eph. 4:18, Titus 1:15). It is an evil conscience that directs a man to bow down and worship an idol. It is an evil conscience that condemns a son who does not want to kill, the murderer of his father. It is an evil conscience that accuses a man of being anti-social when he refuses to entertain with alcoholic drinks or to partake in an immoral gathering. (Rom. 1:18-32), our passage today, tells the terrible story of what happens when conscience becomes defiled, depraved or evil.

When a man hears the true Gospel of Christ, the Holy Spirit quickens the Word of God in his heart and his conscience becomes convicted. As he hears about sin and judgement for sin, his conscience begins to judge him, bearing witness to the truth in the Word of God. Then the hearer does one of two things: either he yields to the working of the Holy Spirit or he excuses himself (Romans 2:15). A common excuse is to say he is not the only sinner in the world, that men are sinners; that if God is going to judge, He will judge everybody; that the preacher himself is a sinner anyway, so why bother? But those who yield to the promptings of the Holy Spirit start feeling sorrow for their sin and soon they are on the way to repentance. John 8:1-11 is a good example of conscience in action.

When a man yields to the working of the Holy Spirit in his heart, his awakened conscience brings pressure on him to confirm to God’s stand on sin and righteousness. He begins to realize the evil of a depraved conscience and conviction leads to conversion or salvation. His conscience becomes purged (Heb. 9:14) and he begins to find joy in serving the living God.

So we see that conversion is the re-creation of a conscience which has been long silenced. But the young convert may find that his conscience is still too weak to be relied upon (1 Cor. 8:7). His conscience may not be strong enough yet to clearly differentiate between what is good and bad. His conscience may still be weak enough to accept anything that is “not too bad” ignoring the fact that anything that is not too bad is definitely not good. This weakness can be overcome by prayer, Bible study and constant obedience.

At conversion not only the soul is saved but the conscience is converted too. This change of conscience is often a gradual process as the individual is instructed more perfectly in the will of God. The sinner feels that the conscience is a burden, but to the saved, conscience is a help, a friend to know and love, a messenger from God which constantly reminds him of God’s standard which is perfection (Matt. 5:48, 1 Tim. 3:9).

The desire of God for every born-again believer is to have good conscience (1 Tim.1:5). Pray that the Lord will give you a good conscience, a tender conscience. Do not try to silence a good conscience, rather agree with it. If you have a good conscience it will be difficult for to forsake the narrow road.

One of the highest goals in a Christian life is to have a conscience devoid of offence towards God and towards men (Acts 24:16). A sensitive conscience produces careful Christians who are conscientious, dependable and usable in the Kingdom of God.
What type of conscience is yours? Can you pray the prayer of (Heb. 10:22) now?

1. What is conscience?
2. How do we know a weak conscience?
3. How do we know a good, pure and sensitive conscience?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more: 1 Tim. 4:2, 11 Tim. 1:3, Heb. 10:2-10, 1 Cor. 8:10, 1 Tim. 1:19, 1 Pet. 3:16, Matt. 23:23.


MEMORY VERSE: Verily, Verily, I say unto you, he that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life. John 5:24.

BIBLE PASSAGE: John 5:17-27

INTRODUCATION: What is death? Death is the opposite of life, the departure of life, the cessation of life. Death is when the heart stops, when the breath ceases, when the body is a stiff corpse. To humans, death is the separation of body, soul and spirit. The body goes to the grave and disintegrates, the spirit goes back to God (Ecc. 12:7) and the soul goes to one of two places:
(a) The soul of the wicked to hell (Lk. 16:23).
(b) The soul of the righteous to paradise (Abraham’s bossom) LK. 16:22)

There are principally two kinds of death both of them come from the Garden of Eden.
(a) Spiritual death which means separation from God (Gen. 2:17). In Eden, Adam and Eve did not die physically immediately they are the forbidden fruit. But they were separated from God, driven out of Eden. They died spiritually.
(b) Physical death which is cessation of life also originated in Eden when God killed some animals to get skins to cover Adam and Eve. (Gen. 3:21). The first human to die was Abel the son of Adam (Gen. 4:8).

Spiritual death was caused by disobedience to God (Jam. 1:15). Death is the direct result of sin. In the case of physical death, the doctor may write any one of many things on the death certificate, but the real answer is SIN (Ezek. 18:20, Rom. 6:23). Sin is the basic cause and the disease is the immediate agent that God used
to execute the sentence that was pronounced on mankind in the Garden of Eden.

Physical death is described in various ways in the Bible. For example, it is described:
(a) As Sleep (Jn. 11:11)
(b) As the requiring of the soul (Lk. 12:20);
(c) As putting off this earthly house (11 Cor. 5:1).
(d) As going to a place of no return (Job 16:22).
(e) As going down into silence (Ps. 115:17);
(f) As yielding up the ghost (Acts 5:10).
Eternal death is known as banishment from God, as everlasting destruction from the presence of God (11 Thess. 1:9). Eternal death is also called alienation from God, that is, becoming a stranger to God (Eph. 4:18)..

Whatever modern science and doctors may achieve, we are “appointed to die” (Heb. 9:27). We are born with an appointment to meet physical death. We must keep that appointment unless the Lord returns soon. But we can avoid spiritual death simply be believing on the Lord Jesus Christ and accepting Him as our Lord and Saviour (Jn. 5:24). Physical death can be avoided by the rapture of the Church but if we meet our appointment with death before the Lord returns, there is still hope. Christ has promised to walk with us (Born- again Christians) through the experience of death (Jn. 14:1-3). And if you can truthfully say “The Lord is My Shepherd” then you do not have to fear death (Ps. 23:4).

Why did Jesus die on the cross? Was it an accident? Certainly not God’s Word said that someone must die for sin. Jesus volunteered to be the One to die. He died that you and I might live (Heb. 2:9). He tasted the bitter dregs for you and I do not let his death be in vain over you. Reconsider your stand today!

1. What is death?
2. What happened to the body, soul and spirit of man at death?
3. What is the basic cause of death?
4. What is the cure of death?

FURTHER READINGS: LK. 23:43, Eph. 2:1, 1 Thess. 4:14, 11 Pet. 1:14, Lk. 16:31, Lk. 23:46, Phil. 1:21, Eph. 5:2, Ezek. 33:11.

MEMORY VERSE: For unto us was the Gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it. Heb. 4:2.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Hebrews 11:1-16

INTRODUCATION: Faith is the very foundation of the Christian creed and conduct since we are saved by faith (Eph.2:8). Faith is confidence in God that leads us to believe His Word, the Holy Bible. It is by faith that we receive the Lord Jesus Christ as our Saviour and confess Him to the world.

The Symphonic woman showed persevering faith and got what she wanted (Mk. 7:26), Just as the centurion manifested a humble faith and was rewarded for it (Matt. 8:8-10). The blind man showed an earnest faith and received his sight again (Mk. 10:51). As Christ talked with these people He looked for faith in each one so that He could heal them or solve their problems. Will Christ find faith in you today?

The Bible definition of faith is to be found in (HEB. 11:1). The substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. Faith is trust in the God of the Scriptures and in Jesus Christ whom He has sent, which receives Him as Saviour and Lord. The faith that saves is a personal trust in the Lord Jesus Christ. You sit on
a new chair because faith says you will not fall and you do not fall. Similarly, faith says Jesus is the Saviour and if you surrender your life to Him, He will save your soul. And if you do so Jesus will save you unfailingly!

The major reason why faith is so crucial to the Christians is that he cannot please God without faith (Heb. 11:6). There can be no dealings with the invisible God without faith in His existence. We must believe that He exists and that He rewards those who seek Him. Then He will be pleased towards us. Faith is also a crucial condition for salvation (Acts 16:31), Just as it is necessary for healing, sanctification and baptism in the Holy Spirit.

There are two sources of faith: (i) the Divine source and (ii) the human source. On the Divine side, faith is the work of the Trinity: (a) God the Father (Rom. 12:3). (b) God the Son (Heb. 12:2) and (c) God the Holy Spirit (Gal. 5:22). On the human side, faith comes by hearing the Word of God (Rom. 10:17). As we listen to God’s Word preached, our faith grows stronger and stronger. As we read stories of the Bible, our faith grows greater and greater. Our faith also grows by listening to powerful Christian testimonies. Similarly, our faith can increase through prayers (Lk. 15:5).

True faith, faith that works, is that faith is based on the Word of God. God is not a liar. When He promises because His Word binds Him (Num 23:19). Also in (Lk. 21:33), He says, “Heaven and Earth shall pass away: but my words shall not pass away.” Great men of faith in the past based their faith solely on the promises of God. For example, Elijah prayed that it might not rain and it did not rain for three and a half years (1 Kings 17:1). Why? Because Elijah based his prayer on faith on the Word of God. He was merely acting on the promise of God recorded in Deut. 11:16-17. God had already promised that if the people served other gods, He will shut up the heavens and there will be no rain. All that Elijah did was to remind God of His promises! Therefore, if you know the promises of God and you base your faith on these promises just as Elijah did, then you too will get your desired results. There is no impossibility today for faith just as in the days of Elijah. God never changes! (Heb. 13:8) and Jesus says that if we have faith nothing shall be impossible unto us (Matt. 17:20). By “nothing impossible,” He means that anything that is already promised by God’s Word shall not be impossible to obtain by faith.

We are saved by faith (1 Jn. 1:1-2). We are justified by faith (Rom. 5:1). We become children of God by faith (Gal. 3:26). We are sanctified by faith (Acts 26:18). We are kept by faith (1 Pet. 1:5). We obtain rest for our body and soul by faith (Heb.4:3). We can do all things by faith in Christ Jesus! (Phil. 4:13). Our eternal home is determined by our faith or lack of it! By faith we can be saved and spend eternity in heaven with our Lord Jesus Christ or we can disbelieve him and spend eternity in hell. Where are you going to spend eternity? Like to ask God to increase your faith?

1. What is faith?
2. How essential if faith?
3. What is the foundation of faith that works?
4. Name five results of faith?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more that faith: Rom. 4:3, Heb. 4:2, Mk. 9:23, Col. 2:6, 1 Cor. 12:9, Acts 4:4, Mk. 9:24.

MEMORY VERSE: And He saith unto them, follow me, and I will make you fishers of men. Matt. 4:19.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Matthew 4:18-25

INTRODUCATION: Few are called to be preachers or evangelists, but every born-again Christian is called to be a fisher of men. Every born-again child of God has the opportunity to deal individually and personally with men’s souls. Fishing for a soul is a definite effort to lead a definite person to accept Christ as Saviour and Lord at a definite time, Andrew brought Peter to Christ (Jn. 1:41-42). You too may be the means of bringing a future would preacher to Christ. Why not start today?

There are several reasons why you must be a fisher of men’s souls. One is the worth of a soul (Mk. 8:35-38). A soul is worth more that all the world. And you may be the only one who can make an impression on that particular soul. The second reason is the fact of hell. Hell is real and not imaginary. And if you truly believe that unsaved souls are heading for a lost eternity of hell fire, brimstone, torture, Blackness, anguish and pain forever, then you should do all in your power to persuade men to turn from sin to Jesus Christ. The third reason is the suffering of Christ on the Cross for each sinner. With a crown of thou on His head, nails in His hands and feet and His body covered with stripes, He lost blood and water rapidly in the scorching sun. the pains of His body, coupled with the loss of water and blood produced an agony so great that He involuntarily cried, “I thirst.” Must Christ suffer in vain? If not, you must let the sinners know that Christ suffered and died to save their souls. The fourth reason is the emptiness, folly and vanity of this world. You have discovered that the world is vain, that the world with all its lust is passing away but those in Christ shall stand for ever. It is your duty to tell your friends the truth. In Christ you have found something beautiful and enduring, why not present Him to your friends and relations too? The greatest present you can give to anyone is Christ. This is because whosoever has Christ has all things (Ph. 4:19). A fifth reason is that you are not labouring in vain. Your reward for each soul won is great and sure (Dan. 12:3).

First, you must be saved yourself and be sure of your salvation. The blind cannot lead the blind. A sinner cannot lead another sinner to Christ. Therefore, if you wish to be a fisher of men, be sure you are saved yourself. If you are not saved yet, why delay? The Bible says that now is the accepted time, today is the day of salvation. You can be saved today. Ask your Pastor the details of how you can be saved and soon your joy will be full. The second thing you need is that you must be living a pure life yourself. A life pure inside and outside. A life that is an example to those of all that is noble and of good reports. A life above reproach. A life surrendered to Jesus Christ and dedicated to Him. A life of hard work and self denial. Fishermen are never lazy people. They may have to work all night if need be. Just as you may have to pray all night for several nights before a single soul is won (ACTS 20:31). You must be a prayer warrior. Satan is not likely to release those in his strong hold easily. It is not easy for a man to forsake sin and turn to Christ. But prayers can remove any obstacle that Satan may put in the way of the sinner about to turn to Christ. If your life is surrendered to Christ, you will learn how to trust Him and rely on Him to convert sinners you preach to.Thirdly, you must have at least a fair knowledge of the BIBLE and know how to read the BIBLE. This means that you must study the BIBLE diligently, and do not say that you have no time. The time you spend in talking and gossiping could be put to a better use- studying the Word of God (Ps. 1:1-2). Do not pretend that you cannot
understand the Bible either. All you have to do is to pray for wisdom and understanding before studying the Bible (James 1:5). God is the source of all wisdom and He will only be too happy to give you understanding particularly when He knows that you need it in order to win souls for Him. Fourthly, you must be filled with the Holy Spirit (Eph. 5:18). You cannot achieve much with your own power and knowledge only need the power of the Holy Spirit. Fifthly, you must have a compassion for lost souls otherwise, you will work with a dead, mechanical, dispassionate concern and sinners know those who are truly concerned for them. Won’t you start being a fisher of men today?

1. Who can be a fisher of men?
2. Why must you win souls?
3. What are the things you need to be a fisher of men?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more: Prov. 11:30, Ps. 126:5-6, Jere. 9:1, Acts 20:19, Mk. 16:15-16.

MEMORY VERSE: Go your ways; behold, I send you forth as lambs among wolves. Luke 10:3.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Luke. 10:1-6, John 4:31-36.

INTRODUCATION: In the first part of the lesson, we learnt that not all believers are called to be preachers but all can become fishers of men. That means you too can be a fisher of men. We also learnt that there are several reasons why we must fish for souls. Some of these reasons are: the worth of a soul which is more than the worth of the whole world; the fact that hell is real and is a terrible place that you should not allow even your enemies to end up there; then there is the suffering of Christ on the Cross which you must not allow to be in vain and there is also the fact that your efforts are not in vain.In the second part, we shall learnt about the technique of fishing, the procedure and general rules of winning souls for Christ. We believe that since last week, you have obtained all the things you need to be a fisher of men’s souls.

When you have satisfied yourself that you are truly saved, when you have started to live a pure life, pure not only in the Church but outside it, when your life is already surrendered to Christ and dedicated to His service, when the power of the Holy Spirit is already upon you and abiding in you, when you have started a life of prayer and of compassion for lost souls, then you are ready to proceed on to fishing for men’s souls.

The first step then to take is to seek and pray for opportunities and then use them. Once you have an opportunity, seize it and never wait for a more convenient season. Do not wait for the sinner to speak to you or open the conversation. God’s order is that you go to him and turn the conversation to salvation. (Mk. 16:15-16, Jn. 4:7-15). Another important point for you to note is that you must deal with sinners as if you are a fellow sinner, not as a superior being (Rom. 3:23, 11 Tim. 2:25). Sinners will feel embarrassed if you give them the impression that you ar3e doing them a favour by preaching to them. Be meek and gentle. It takes a gentle and wise man to catch a fish. Thirdly, you must be cheerful and courteous. People are always suspicious ofstrangers but a cheerful and courteous approach will make them relax. Do not be overbearing or too talkative. Let them talk too if possible make it a conversation instead of a sermon. However, you must not allow yourself to be draw into an argument. The devil uses arguments as a sidetrack from conversion. When they ask questions that may lead to arguments, tell them cheerfully that you will come to that later, and then proceed with your message of salvation. t is better to deal with a person alone if at all possible; in a crowd, he will try, “Save his face” with excuses but when alone, he is more likely to open his heart to you intimately. However, you must avoid trying to be too familiar, some people might appreciate it but others might suspects that you have an ulterior motive. It is also easier and more fruitful to deal with your own age because he will listen better. Birds of the same feathers tend to flock together. However, if the Holy Spirit leads you to speak to someone of a Different age or sex, do not hesitate but proceed at once.

In all cases, you must keep any secrets confided in you. If any sins are confessed to you, you must never reveal them to others (James 5:20). Always make it your goal to lead a sinner directly to a definite acceptance of Christ; it is quite possible to talk about Christ, the Bible and related subjects without facing the real issue of salvation. You must not rely on your own ability or experience so that even before you approach a person and through your stay with him, you must keep on praying, silently if need be, for guidance. Do not expect people to be converted by your oratory, logic or arguments. Men are born-again by the Word of God and not by the work of men (1 Pet. 1:23). Therefore learn verses by memory and depend on the word of God for conviction of sin and repentance. Never become impatient. Accepting Christ is a great decision, the greatest decision in life. Therefore, it is only right that people consider well before taking the step. You are not likely to win every one you talk to. But surely you will win some. Also, you may talk to the same person ten times without success and then win him the eleventh time, therefore never give up, there is no case that can be called hopeless.

When the person you have been talking to is ready to make a decision, get him to kneel if possible. Pray for him and with him, but get him to pray audibly too if possible. After prayer, give him some verses of the Bible for assurance of salvation (see our lesson on Assurance of Salvation). Keep in contact with him and invite him
to Bible Study in your Church. Get him to start confessing Christ and witnessing for Him soonest.

1. What do we learn in the first part of the lesson?
2. When are you ready to fish for men?
3. Name any 3 points to note while “Fishing”?

FURTHER READINGS:The following passages will help you: Rom. 3:10, 5:12; 6:23; 5:8; 10:9-10, Eze. 33:7-8

MEMORY VERSE: If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins. 1 John 1:9.

BIBLE PASSAGE: 1 John. 1:1-9
INTRODUCTION: Last week we learnt about repentance and we discovered that repentance precedes forgiveness. Now, in order to get to heaven, a man must have forgiveness of his sins. This is because heaven is a holy place and nothing evil or unclean can ever be allowed there. However, once we are forgiven by God, then no one can stop us from entering heaven.

Only God can forgive sins. (Mk. 2:7). Never go to any human being for forgiveness when you sin. Go directly to God. However, since Jesus Christ is God Himself, he has been appointed to forgive sins. (Acts 5:31). Infact, while He was physically here on earth, He constantly forgave sins (Lk. 7:48, Mk.2:9). Even after His death, resurrection and ascension to Heaven, Jesus Christ is still available and able to forgive sins (Acts 13:38).

It is only the compassion of the Lord that brings forgiveness (Ps. 78:38). But how is this done? The Bible says without the shedding of blood, there is no remission of sins. God has always required blood, a symbol of death, as payment for sin. (Lev. 17:11). When Adam and Eve sinned, and God wanted to cover their nakedness, He had to shed blood to get coats of skin. (Gen. 3:21). Also Abel’s offering was accepted because it contained blood, while Cain’s offering was rejected because it was bloodless. (Gen. 4:3-5).

However, the blood of goats and ram cannot permanently wash away sins. (Heb.10:4). It is through the Blood of Jesus Christ alone that we can obtain total forgiveness of sins. (Eph. 1:7).

When Jesus forgives sin, He forgives ALL of it, not half of it today and another half next month. This point is so important that there are several passages in the Bible to support it. (Ps. 103:3, Ps. 32:1-2, Col. 2:13 and Matt. 12:31) to mention a few. This is because if one sin remains unforgiven, then that person cannot go to heaven but would instead spend eternity in hell. It is only one sin that brought death on all men and one sin is enough to spoil heaven. God will not allow this to happen. (Rev. 21:27). Therefore when Christ forgives, He forgives ALL sins.

There are four basic things you have to do. First, repent. (Acts 2:38). Second, admit your sins and confess them. (Ps.32:5). If you do not confess your sin, you cannot be forgiven. Third, forgive others. (Matt. 6:15). If you want God to forgive you, you must forgive those who offend you, fourth, decide to forsake the sins. (Prov. 28:13). If you decide to forsake your sins and you then turn to the Lord Jesus in prayers, He still is merciful unto you. Why not do so now!

1. Who alone can forgive sins?
2. Through what can forgiveness be obtained?
3. How many sins would it take to keep someone out of heaven?
4. What are the conditions for receiving forgiveness from the Lord?
5. How often must we forgive those who offend us?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will you more about forgiveness: LK. 7:49, 1 Jn. 1:9, 1 Jn.2:12, Acts 5:31, Matt. 18:21-35.

MEMORY VERSE: Who is like unto thee, O Lord, among the gods? Who is like thee, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders? Exo. 15:11.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Exodus 15:2-16
INTRODUCATION: Many philosophers in ages past had made great efforts trying to study God. Some sit and meditate for days on end trying to think into the realm created, the caused. However, the only true knowledge about God can be gained from the Bible (Jn. 1:18). The Old Testament, Moses talked to God and saw a part of Him but did not see His face (Exo. 33:23), But Jesus, who is God’s Son, came from heaven to reveal God the Father to us.

God is a person, a Living Being. He is not just an influence or power like electricity (Jer. 10:10). He has eyes (11 Cor.16:9), eye that can move and see unlike the eyes of idols and other false gods. He also has knowledge and understanding (Ps. 94:11). He has ears that can hear and hands that can save (Isa. 59:1).

God is a Spirit (Jn. 4:24). A Spirit has neither flesh, bones nor blood (Lk. 24:39). A Spirit cannot die, therefore God is immortal i.e. God cannot die. God is also invisible to mortal eyes (1Tim. 1:17). The reason why God is invisible is because He dwells in a light too bright that it will destroy ordinary human eyes (1 Tim. 6:16).

Only God has the following attributes:
(a) God is eternal: He has neither beginning nor ending (Ps. 102:24, 27). No idol is eternal since it was made by someone and therefore it had beginning. God, on the other hand, has no beginning. He has always existed. There had never been a time when there was no God (Ps. 90:2).
(b) God is unchangeable: He neither grows old, feeble nor less powerful (Mal. 3:6). There is never a change in Him no matter how little. He does not change with times or with the fashions of the world i.e. The God of the olden days is also the God of today (James 1:17).
(c) God possesses all powers. He has the power to create even simply by speaking (Gen.1:3). He can do all things and can bring something out of nothing (Job 42:2, Ps. 33:9). There is just nothing that He cannot do (Jere. 32:27).
(d) God is present everywhere at one and the same time. That means you cannot hide from Him. It also means that if you do his will, He is quite capable of protecting you wherever you may be (Ps. 139:7-9).
(e) God has all knowledge: Nothing is hidden from Him and that includes even your innermost thoughts (Ps. 94:11). Which means that you cannot deceive Him or pretend before Him (Job 42:2)? It also means that if you love Him and nobody else knows it, He will know!
(f) He is holy (1 Pet. 1:16), righteous (Jere. 12:1), merciful (Ps.103:8), Love (1 Jn. 4:8), faithful (11 Tim. 2:13), good (Ps. 25:8) and incorruptible i.e. He cannot be bribed!

Since God is love, we should love Him. Since He is the King of Kings, we should serve Him. Since He is the only living God with powers to do and undo, we should obey Him. Since He is incorruptible we should fear Him because His decisions are final.

1. Where can reliable information be obtained about God?
2. What is God like?
3. How do we know that God is eternal?
4. How can God be present at all places at the same time?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more about God: Exo. 15:11, Num. 14:18, 1Kings 8:23, Josh.24:19, Ps. 86:10.

MEMORY VERSE: But the comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, He shall teach you all things. John 14:26a.

BIBLE PASSAGE: John 14:15-29.

INTRODUCATION: God the Holy Spirit is the third Person of the Godhead. He has been sent by the Father and Son to indwell and guide believers. Many people profess to believe in the Holy Ghost but actually they merely consider the Holy Ghost as the servant or errand boy. This is false because God the Holy Spirit is equal to Father and Son. The Holy Spirit is a living Person for He can be approached or shunned, trusted or doubted, loved or hated, adored, insulted or grieved!

The Bible constantly refers to the Holy Spirit as “He” not as “it” In Jn. 15:26, “…He shall testify of Me.” Jn. 16:8; “..He will reprove the world…” in Jn. 16:13. “…He will guide you.” In Jn. 16:14, “He shall glorify Me…” If the Holy Spirit is referred to a He, then He must be a person to be so addressed.

The Holy Spirit is a Person because He possesses certain characteristics. For example, He has will power (1 Cor. 12:11). The Holy Spirit makes decisions. He also has intelligence (Neh. 9:20). It takes an intelligent person to teach. He has knowledge (1 Cor.2:10-12). The Holy Spirit knows things. And He does researches too (Rom. 8:27). The Holy Spirit has power (Acts 1:8). He has the power to radically change a man’s life. For example, He powerfully changed Peter. He has capacity for love (Rom.15:30) and capacity for grief (Eph. 4:30). The Holy Spirit is a Person because He thinks, feels, plans or purposes, knows, wills or decides, loves and grieves.

The Holy Spirit does things that only a Person can do. For instance, He searches the deep things of God (1 Cor. 2:10). No machine or any other inanimate force can do that. He can speak (REV. 2:7) and can cry out (Gal.4:6). The Holy Spirit can intercede (Rom. 8:26). And can testify (Jn. 15:26). He teaches (Jn. 14:26), leads and directs (Rom. 8:14). Above all, the Holy Spirit commands men. Surely no inanimate force, not even electricity, can issue commands to men. But the Holy Spirit does this (Acts 16:6-7).

NO! He is God Himself. The truth is that the Holy Spirit has been assigned a definite office by the Trinity. He is the official comforter (Jn. 14:16). Therefore He is the cure for all loneliness. Develop a friendship with the Holy Spirit and you will never feel lonely again. He is also the cure for a broken heart. Let the Holy Spirit dwell in you and He will give you comfort in place of sorrow. He will give you encouragement and power and you will never feel helpless again. Praise God for the Holy Spirit, the Comforter, the Teacher, the Leader and the Abiding Friend!

5. We believer that the Holy Spirit is a Person and not an inanimate force. He is not just a servant of God subordinate to God the Father and because he possesses all the necessary qualities of intellect, emotion, will knowledge and actions, He can be grieved, insulted, lied to and blasphemed against. Let us never insult Him by calling the Spirit “IT” but we should always honour Him properly. Let Him be our Companion, Partner and Comrade and let our prayer be, “Lord teach me more of the communion of the Holy Spirit.”

1. Is the Holy Spirit inferior to God the Father and Jesus?
2. Give some reasons why you believe that the Holy Spirit is a person, not just a force?
3. What is the special ministry of the Holy Spirit?
4. What is the special ministry of the Holy Spirit?
5. What blessings can be derived from the Comforter?

MEMORY VERSE: And the owrd was made flesh, and dwelt among us. (and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father), full of grace and truth. John 1:14.

BIBLE PASSAGE: John 1:1-18.
INTRODUCATION: Jesus Christ is God the Son. He is not merely a good man or a great teacher but God (Matt. 1:23). God the Son became flesh and came to dwell with man (Jn. 1:14). His names prove the fact that He is truly God, Wonderful, and Counselor: Only the omniscient God could be the perfect Counselor.

What have God the father and son in common?
Both God the Father and God the son have a lot of things in common. Foe example, they are both eternal (Micah 5:2). The Messiah – Saviour was to be the eternal omnipresent God HIMSELF. Both gave their names as “I AM” (Exo. 3:14, John 8:58). When Jesus gave His name as “I AM,” the Jews understood Him perfectly and thought that He had committed blasphemy for ascribing the Name of God to Himself. They promptly attempted to stone Him because that was the proper death penalty for this particular sin (Lev.24:12-16). But Jesus is the great “I AM” in person.

Other characteristics of Jesus Christ point to the fact that He is God. For example, He forgive sins (MK. 2:5,7). He also promised to be anywhere at one and the same time (Mt. 18:20). To be omnipresent, is a characteristic of God Almighty only, not of angels or men. Jesus also has the ability to know all things which is a characteristic exclusive to God Himself. Jesus used this ability in Mk. 11:2-6. Jesus is also omnipotent; omnipotence is another exclusive characteristic of God. Jesus is omnipotent (Matt. 28:18). This claim supersedes the power of man, spirit, angels, demons or superman. Also, to bring something into being from nothing, that is creation, is possible only to God. Now Jesus Christ was active in creation and continues to maintain the world (Jn. 1:3, Heb. 1:3). Remember He turned water to wine and provided food for 5,000 out of five loaves of bread and two little fishes! He can supply all your needs too! (Phil. 4:19).

Jesus demonstrated that He is God in several ways. For example, Jesus Christ received worship due only to God (Jn. 9:38). Now only God must be worshipped. Jesus said so Himself (Lk. 4:8). To worship anyone but the Lord God is a terrible sin. When Jesus accepted worship therefore He was saying to the world, “I AM THE LORD.” Jesus also accepted the testimony of Thomas (Jn. 20:28). If Thomas has made a mistake or overstatement, Jesus would have corrected it. But Thomas told the truth for Jesus was the Lord God, the eternal pre-existent one. However, the strongest argument that Jesus is God is the fact that He resurrected from the dead (Rom. 1:4). Praise God, our Redeemer liveth!

If Jesus were a liar, impostor or a mere man or superman, God would have left Him in the grave until the day of the final judgement and then condemned Him to hell. According to Rom. 6:4, it was the Father God, Himself, that raised Jesus from the dead. The Father God thus declared to the world that Jesus Christ is his Son, God the Son! Therefore when you come to Jesus, you are coming to God. No wonder He can solve all your problems. No wonder He will raise His own on the resurrection morning. He knows all, so He knows what your problems are. He is omnipotent, so He can be with you anywhere and at all times, if and this is the big if, you are one of His. Are you?

1. How do you know that Jesus is God?
2. Give one prophecy to show that Jesus was to be the eternal One?
3. How does Mark 2:5 prove that Jesus is God?
4. What is the greatest argument that Jesus is God?
5. Why should you come to Jesus and be His sheep?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more about God the Son, the Lord Jesus Christ. Jn. 8:58, Col. 1:17, Rev. 1:8, Heb. 13:8, Lk. 8:24, Mt.28:20, 1 Pet. 2:22, Jn.15:13, Titus 3:5.

MEMORY VERSE: For we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, and house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens. 11 Cor. 5:1.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Revelation 21:1-18.

INTRODUCATION: Heaven was created by God in the beginning, (Gen. 1:1). When or how long ago is a mystery hidden from man? Heaven is eternal (11 Cor. 5:1) and it is a prepared place for a prepared people (Jn. 14:2). Are you one of them?

Heaven is the home of the Lord God (Matt.6:9). The Bible speaks of three heavens (11 Cor. 12:2). The first heaven is the area where birds fly. The second heaven is where the rockets go. The third heaven is the home or throne of the Lord God. Heaven is a building, a building of God and not man-made (11 Cor.5:1). It has been called the Kingdom of God and of Christ (Eph. 5:5). Surely, it is the Father’s House, (Jn. 14:2), It is a place of rest (Heb. 4:9).

Heaven cannot be measured (Jere. 31:37). Some people have erroneously considered the Jerusalem mentioned in this lesson’s Bible passage as heaven (Rev. 21:1). But the New Jerusalem is not heaven. It is a part of heaven and not heaven itself because the New Jerusalem comes out “From” heaven (Rev. 21:2-10). Though heaven is immeasurable, still it is for the limited few who are holy and pure and the mansions there, though many, are limited. That is why the Lord has to go to prepare a place for us. So it is a very wise thing to reserve your mansion today! This you can do by surrendering totally to the Lord.

Heaven is a high place (Isa. 57:15), a holy place (Ps. 20:6), a happy place (Rev. 7:17), a place without death, tears, sorrow, crying or pain (Rev. 21:4). Heaven is a place without night or darkness (Rev. 22:3-5), a place without hunger, thirst or excessive heat or cold (Rev. 7:16). Heaven is a place of perfect satisfaction (Rev.22:1-2). There is a pure river of water of life, a tree with 12 kinds of fruits. A place of perfect leisurely comfort. Heaven is a place of perfect provision, with the leaves of the trees for the healing of the nations. Everything good, gloriously provided. It is also a place of perfect Sinlessness (Rev. 22:3), with no more curse; a place of perfect government, ruled by God, the just One, and the Lamb. It is a place of perfect service where we shall serve Him with perfect joy. It is a place of perfect communion (Rev. 22:4), where we shall behold His face and His Name shall be on our foreheads. Heaven is a place of perfect glory (Rev. 22:5). No artificial light there. Everything is just glorious and together we shall reign for ever and ever. Are you one of us? Check up below to see if your answer should be yes of no.

Let us start by listing those who can NEVER be there!
(a) The devil will never enter there (Rev. 20:10).
(b) Thieves will never enter there (Lk. 12:33).
(c) Liars, whoremongers, the fearful will not enter (Rev. 21:8).
(d) Anyone in whose life is found the works of the flesh (Gal. 5:19-21).

On the other hand, the following are already there.
(a) God the Father (Matt. 6:9).
(b) Jesus Christ our Lord (Acts 3:21).
(c) Enoch and Elijah (Gen. 5:24, Matt. 15:3).
(d) Moses (Matt. 17:3).
(e) All those who have died trusting in Jesus (1 Thess. 4:14).
(f) Angels (Matt. 18:10).

Will you be there too?
Do you want to go to heaven? Have you prepared? An unbeliever will be very uncomfortable in heaven because of its holiness. Are you holy? Are you willing to be holy? Pray.

1. What is the third heaven?
2. How big is heaven?
3. What type of place is it?
4. Who will not get there?

MEMORY VERSE: The wicked shall be turned to hell, and all the nations that forget God. Ps. 9:17.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Luke 16:19-31

INTRODUCATION: Is there an everlasting hell? The Bible declares in very certain terms that there is. There are 162 texts in the New Testament alone which speak of the doom that awaits the unrepentant sinner and 70 of these were uttered by the Lord Himself. Hell is a reality, an awful fact to be realized. It seems that the angels that sinned with Satan are even now in hell waiting for judgement (11 Pet. 2:4). The Bible made it abundantly clear that the wicked who finally reject Christ will be turned into hell (Ps. 9:17).

Hell is a place of torment and punishment (Lk. 16:23). Hell is banishment from the presence of God (11 Thess. 1:9). Some people ask, “Where is hell” The Bible says it is “down” (Isa. 14:9). The justice of God demands degrees of punishment; therefore some parts of hell are hotter than others (Deut. 32:22). Perhaps those who will suffer the hottest flames of hell are those who reject Him the most times.

Hell was originally prepared for the devil and his wicked angels (Matt. 25:41). Hell was never intended for man but if men insist on rejecting heaven through the Saviour, Jesus Christ, then they must accompany Satan forever. The original size of hell is not known but because of man’s insistence on going there, God has had to
enlarge hell (Isa. 5:14).

Hell is a place of punishment, a sort of prison where the wicked are punished for ever (Matt. 25:46). It is a place of torment, of unquenchable thirst, of suffering and agony at its worst (Lk. 16:23).Hell is a place of fire; fire so hot that even angels who go there will continuously cry out in pain despite their great strengths. The heat is such that even the devil will call Jesus “Lord” when the pain becomes unbearable for him (Matt. 13:42-50, Rev.20:15, Isa. 33:14). It is a place of worms, but supernatural worms not ordinary ones because there worms never die (Matt. 9:44-46, 48). The worst part of it is that just as those who go to heaven will recognize themselves, those who go to hell will also recognize themselves too (Lk. 16:23). They will even be able to pray but their prayers will never be answered (Lk. 16:27). And the torment there is everlasting. The Bible repeatedly says both heaven and hell are eternal, everlasting. We may not be able to understand it, but since God says so, then it must be true.

(a) Won’t the doomed repent in hell and seek the Lord and then be forgiven? No. Salvation is limited to this life. There is no repentance in the grave. All prayers of the doomed are denied (Lk. 16:24-27).
(b) Does “hell” not mean “grave” where both the good and the bad must go? No. In Lk. 16, both the rich man and Lazarus died and went to the grave, for both were buried. But their souls went to different places. One was in a place where he was comforted, the other in a place of torment, and the two were separated by a great gulf to prevent travel back and forth.
(c) Is there a place of probation, purgatory, after death? Certainly not. Once a person dies he either goes straight to paradise of the place of torment (Heb. 9:27). Where will you love to go to?

How does one get to hell? Simply by neglecting the Salvation purchased for us by the Blood of Jesus (Heb.2:3). How does one avoid hell? By receiving Jesus as one’s personal Saviour, no more no less (Jn. 3:16, Prov. 15:24). What is your choice?

1. What is the origin of hell?
2. Can someone who has gone to hell get out?
3. Who are those who will go to hell?
4. How can someone miss going to hell?

MEMORY VERSE: Being justified by faith, we have peace with God. Romans 5:1.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Romans 5:1-21

INTRODUCTION: Many people confuse justification with forgiveness. They are two different things. Justification is more than forgiveness: to justify means to declare righteous. The law and justice of God demands death as the penalty for sin. (Ezek. 18:4) but the mercy of God wants to rescue the sinner from death. (Ezek. 33:11). But then God has said that He will not justify the wicked (Ex. 23:7) and that any human judge who justifies the wicked shall be punished. (Isa. 5:22-23). Therefore God looked for a way to justify the sinner without justifying his sin. He found the solution in Jesus Christ who volunteered to live a righteous life and die a sinner’s death so that His own righteousness could then be given as a gift to any one who believes in Him.

Two major things are included in justification. The first one is that not only is the sin forgiven but also the guilt and punishment of that sin is removed far from the sinner. (Micah 7:18-19). In other words, God forgets and totally forgets.
Secondly, the righteousness of Jesus Christ is credited to the sinner’s account. (Roman 3:22). The perfect, holy righteousness of God is given to the sinner through faith in Jesus Christ.

God is the author and Giver of justification Rom. 8:33 and He gives it (a) by grace (Rom. 3:24), (b) by the Blood of Jesus Christ (Rom. 5:9) and (c) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ (Rom. 4:25). That is,
it is God who justifies but it is Christ that makes justification.

To receive justification, you have only two things to do. One, have faith, that is believe that Lord Jesus Christ died for your sins. That it is those terrible sins of yours that sent Him to the cross to die a most cruel death (Gal. 2:16). If you firmly believe this, that your Saviour had to suffer so much because you sinned so much, then if you will feel very sorry for your past evil deeds and you will take the next step; which is to cry to the Lord for mercy (Lk. 8:13-14). Therefore, if you want to be justified, believe that Jesus Christ died for you and call on God to be merciful on you a miserable sinner.

There are many evidences of justification. We shall name three of them (a) Your works will show if you have been justified or not (James 2:21-28). By faith we are justified, but after that we will live a righteous life which is made manifest by good works. (b) You will have peace with God. (Rom. 5:1). Since your sins are forgiven and you are declared righteous by God. (c) Himself, there is no need to fear for any further punishment from God. (c). you will have access to God. (Rom. 5:2). Praying and talking with God will become a joy instead of a boring task.
Are you already justified? Does your prayer life confirm it? If not, there is still room for you to be justified, even today.

1. What is justification?
2. What is the difference between justification and forgiveness?
3. What are the conditions for obtaining justification?
4. What is the connection between resurrection and justification?
5. What are the results of justification?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more about justification. Acts 13:38-39, Rom. 4:5, Titus 3:7, Isa. 53:11, James 2:14.

MEMORY VERSE: Hereafter I will not talk much with you: for the prince of this world cometh and hath nothing in me. John 14:30.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Ezekiel 28:12-19, Isaiah 14:12-17.

INTRODUCATION: The Christian life is a battle against our great enemy, Satan or the devil or Lucifer. As a result of the fall of man, every sinner became the possession of the devil and they shared the same fate cursed by God and destined to hell. When we receive Jesus Christ as our Saviour, this relationship of Satan and sinner is broken but Satan does not give us up easily; he fights desperately to regain us. The Bible tells us to resist Satan, fight him, and give him no place in our lives.

Satan is a created being according to (Col. 1:16). But the actual time of his creation is unknown. According to (Ezek. 28:12-19), Satan was full of wisdom and perfect in beauty, he was capable of using tablets and pipes and was perhaps the highest angel being the anointed cherub. He was called Lucifer the Son of morning according to Isaiah. He remained perfect until sin entered him and that sin was pride. This pride led him to desire to be like the Most High God and led to his being cast out from the presence of God in heaven. His headquarters is now in the air (Eph. 2:2) even though he still has limited access to heaven which access he
exploits to accuse the brethren, (Job 1:6-12, Zech. 3:1).

Satan is very cunning and subtle (11 Cor. 11:3) and we must not underestimate his satanic wisdom. He is a thief, (Matt. 13:19) so that we should be careful not to allow him to steal the Word of God from our hearts. He is a liar, a murderer and a destroyer (Jn. 8:44). So that we must cling to Jesus who is the Truth and the Author of Life (Jn. 10:10). He is a deceiver (Rev. 12:9) and he will readily deceive anyone who is not well-grounded in the Word of God.

Satan has several names and titles. It will be profitable to know them all so that we can recognize him under any name or little. He is an angel of light (11 Cor. 2:13-15); a roaring lion (1 Pet. 5:8), the prince of the power of the air, (Eph. 2:2); the power of darkness (i.e. the president of all secret societies and cults) Col. 1:13. He is also the great dragon, the serpent, the devil, (Rev. 12:9). The prince of this world (Jn. 14:30), the god of this world (11 Cor. 4:4) and the king of the bottomless pit, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon (Rev. 9:11).

There is never anything good about Satan. All that he is and all that he does is evil continually. For instance, he is constantly seeking whom he may destroy and whose flesh he may devour (1 Pet. 5:8, 1 Cor. 5:5). He is ever sowing tares and evil doctrine (Matt. 13:25, 30), to blind the minds of men, to accuse the brethren and to
sift the Christians (11 Cor. 4:4, Lk. 22:31).

At a future date, Satan’s access to heaven will be forbidden (Rev. 12:7), and then he will intensify his stirring up of men against God (Rev. 12:12) as a result of which an angel will descend from heaven and chain him, and cast him into the bottomless pit where he will be imprisoned for a thousand years (Rev. 20:1-3). After this, he will be loosed for a little season and go out to deceive the nations to attempts to revolt against God. He will be crushed and cast into the lake of fire forever (Rev. 20:7-10). Then at last there will be peace, perfect peace.

Though Satan’s final imprisonment is still in the future, his defeat was already accomplished at Calvary. Let us constantly claim our victory over Satan through the Blood shed at Calvary (Rev. 12:11).

1. Give some titles of Satan?
2. Name five things Satan does?
3. Describe the destiny of Satan?
4. What is the first sin ever?
4. Should we worship angels? Explain.

MEMORY VERSE: Bless the Lord, o my soul: and all that is within me, bless His Holy name. Bless the Lord, O my soul, and forget not all His benefits. Ps. 103:1-2.

INTRODUCATION: What is the most important thing in life? Is it to earn a living? Or to get saved and go to heaven? Infact, why was man created? The answer is simply to praise God, to glorify Him (Isa. 43:7). Our life is expected to be one continuous song of praise to the glory of God (1 Cor.10:31). But what is praise? To praise means to honour, to worship, to glorify. The Hebrew word “YADAH” which is translated “PRAISE” also means “TO STRETCH OUT THE HAND.” That is to hold out hands in reverence, to open the hands and let go of everything, just to stand and glorify God open-handedly.

Is it compulsory to praise the Lord? Or am I free to choose not to praise Him? We shall let the Bible answer these important questions for us. And we shall discover that praise is compulsory for angels (Ps. 103:20), Compulsory for saints or believers (Ps. 117:1), even children are not exempted. Infact they know how best to praise the Lord, which is one of the reasons why Christ said that, unless we accept the Kingdom of God as a little child, we will not be able to enter therein. Because only those who know how to praise God will be in the Kingdom (Matt. 21:16).

Whether you are a pastor or a new convert, governor or messenger, a prince or a commoner, it is compulsory for you to praise the Lord (Ps.148:11). Both the young and the old (Ps. 148:12). Infact all creations are to praise the Lord. God gets praise from the heavens, the heights, angels, hosts, sun, moon, stars, the earth, dragons, deep, fire, hail, snow, vapours, stormy winds, hills, mountains, fruits, trees, cedar trees, beasts, cattle, creeping things and birds.

There are several reasons why we must praise the Lord. We shall list some of them. We are sure you can think of several others.

First, we should praise the Lord because of His Majesty (Isa. 24:14). It is customary to address a king as “Your Majesty” but the Lord is the King of kings and Lord of lords, surely He deserves to be praised.

Secondly, we should praise the Lord because of His glory (Ps. 138:5). A King’s glory is reflected in his dress, and the quality of his possessions. But the Lord is clothed in light and rides upon the waves!

Thirdly, we should praise the Lord because of His greatness (Ps. 145:3). Surely there is no one as great as the King of Kings and the Creator of all things; surely no creature can be greater than the One who created him.

Fourthly, we should praise the Lord because of His power (Ps. 21:13). The Lord said that all power has been given unto Him, be they powers in heaven, on earth or underneath the earth. Surely, the Almighty Lord deserves continuous praise from His children.

Fifthly, we should praise the Lord because of His goodness (Ps. 107:8, 15, 21, 31). This is so important that it is repeated four times. Has the Lord been good to you? Surely He has been good to us. If He has been good to you too, then you should praise Him.

Sixthly, we should praise the Lord because of His Mercy (11 Chr. 20:21). We are saved through His mercy. We are kept alive through His mercy. The enemy had not been able to overcome us or destroy us because of His mercy. Great and everlasting is His mercy. Such a merciful God deserves our praise.

Seventhly, we should praise the Lord because of His wonderful works (Ps. 150:2). These works include creation, redemption, consolation, just judgement, true counsel, faithfulness in keeping His promises, pardon of sin, spiritual and physical health, constant preservation, protection, answered prayer, the hope of glory and all physical, material and spiritual blessings, Praise the Lord.

We should praise the Lord with understanding (Ps. 47:7), with our soul (Ps. 103:1). And with the whole heart (Ps. 9:1). We are also to praise Him with our mouth and lips (Ps. 51:15, Ps. 63:3). Even though it is compulsory that we should praise the Lord, we must do so joyfully and with gladness (1 Cor. 29:30). We are to praise Him day by day, continually and to the end of our lives (Ps. 71:6; 104:33). Let us praise the Lord!

1. What type of people should praise the Lord?
2. Why is it compulsory to praise the Lord?
3. Give some reasons why we ought to praise Him?
4. How should we praise Him?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more about praise: Ps. 149:5, 8:2, 138:2, Isa. 25:1, 1 Cor. 14:15, Ps. 147:7, Phil. 4:6.

MEMORY VERSE: Ask and it shall be given you, seek and ye shall find, knock, and it shall be opened unto you, Matthew 7:7.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Matt. 6:5-15

INTRODUCATION: What is prayer? The simplest answer is, prayer is talking to Jesus. It is the soul of man talking to God. It is worship addressed to God the Father, in the Name of God the Son and through the power of the Holy Spirit (Acts 12:5, John 14:13, Eph. 6:18).

Prayer should consist of at least four parts:
(a) Adoration i.e. praise and worship of God for what God is e.g. God is good, merciful, kind, powerful, faithful, just etc. When you praise God for what He is rather than what He has done for you, it is true worship (Ps. 95:6).
(b) Confession, repentance from every know sin. (Ps. 32:5). This will be followed by washing in the Blood of Christ. If you are already sanctified and you have no sin to confess, wash in the Blood all the same. You can never be too clean.
(c) Thanksgiving. Be thankful for anything and everything that God has done (Phil. 4:6).
(d) Supplication i.e. intercession, requests, petitions and desires can now be addressed to god, in the Name of Jesus through the power of the Holy Spirit. (1 Tim. 2:1).

We can pray everywhere (1 Tim. 2:8), in the closet (Mt. 6:6) or in the church LK. 18:10. Private prayer may be made in the secret place, family prayer will involve a large group and may be made in the sitting room and public prayer may be made before the congregation.

We can pray in the morning (Ps. 5:3), at noon and in the evening (Ps. 55:17), day and night (Ps. 88:1), daily (Ps. 86:3) and always (Lk. 18:1). It is not only when you are on your knees with your eyes closed that you can pray. You can pray as you drive to work, while at work or while resting. Singing praises to God is also a form of prayer. Pray without ceasing.

Many people cannot pray long because their prayer is selfish, that is, they pray only for themselves. Consider the list below and see if you can finish all these prayers in a few hours!
(a) Pray for the sick (James 5:13-16).
(b) Pray for all men, for the President, Governors, Commissioners, the General Superintendent, Pastors, Deacons, workers, the Choir, the Ushers, the Sunday school Teachers, the Children, the Youths and the Elders (1 Tim. 2:1-4).
(c) Pray for every Christian to be made perfect in Christ Jesus (Col. 1:28).
(d) Pray for your enemies (Mt. 5:38-48).
(e) Pray for wisdom and understanding (1 Kings 3:5-9).
(f) Pray for personal safety and the safety of others (Dan. 6:18-23).
(g) Pray for a longer life (Isa. 38:1-5).
(h) Pray for the second coming of Christ, that you might be able to do the will of the Lord, to receive daily bread, forgiveness, guidance, victory over temptation and sin Matt. 6:9-13. Then include your own individual requests! Do you think it is still difficult to pray without ceasing?

(a) We should be guided by the Holy Spirit in our praying (Rom. 8:26-27).
(b) We must pray with faith in the existence of God (Heb. 11:6).
(c) We must pray persistently (Lk. 18:1-8).
(d) We must pray with humility (11 Chr. 7:14).
(e) We must not ask God to do anything contrary to His will (Matt. 26:39).
(f). We must forgive others it we want God to answer our prayers (Mk. 11:25).
(g) We must be obedient to God (1 Jn. 3:22).
(h) We must not stray from the way (Jn. 15:7), and above all,
(i) We must pray IN JESUS’ Name (Jn. 16:24).

There are four major causes of unanswered prayers, namely:
(a) Unbelief (James 1:6-7);
(b) an unforgiving spirit Mk. 11:25;
(c) Sin (Ps. 66:18); and
(d) asking amiss i.e. asking with wrong motives or against the will of God (James 4:3). Has your prayers been answered? Do you enjoy listening to you. Even a sinner can pray and say, “Have mercy on me, miserable offender and save my soul.” So that we can all pray. Why not now?

1. What is prayer?
2. What are the main parts of a prayer?
3. Why is it possible to pray without ceasing?
4. Why are some prayers unanswered?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you about God’s promises concerning prayers:
MK. 11:24, Jn. 15:7, 1 Jn. 5:14-15, Ph.4:6, Heb. 4:6.

MEMORY VERSE: For Godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation. 11Corinthians 7:10.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Matthew. 3:1-12
INTRODUCTION: What do we mean by repentance? How do we know someone who has repented? When someone who has been doing something evil feels sorry for it, changes his mind about it and decides not only to stop doing it but actually to start doing the exact opposite of the evil he has been doing before, then he is said to have repented. Repentance then is a change of mind that leads to a change in conduct. For example in Matt. 21:28-32, the boy at first refused to work in the vineyard but later repented, changed his mind and then went and actually worked in the vineyard.

There are several reasons why repentance is so necessary in the life of any man. Infact repentance is given so much prominence that the first sermon preached by our Lord Jesus Christ after his baptism and testing in the wilderness was on repentance. (Matt. 4:17). We shall give three main reasons why repentance is very important.

In the first place, repentance must precede salvation or conversion. (Acts 3: 19). No one can be saved without first repenting of his sins.

In the second place, repentance is necessary to prepare us for Heaven. (Matt. 4:17). This is because of the first reason above, since only saved souls can enter the Kingdom of Heaven. (Jn. 3:3).
In the third place, it is God’s commandment that everybody must repent. (Acts 17:30). That makes it compulsory since failure to obey God will lead to eternal condemnation (LK. 13:3).

Three basic things are involved in true repentance.
First, a change of attitude or way of thinking. The way of thinking about sin and righteousness must change. True repentance brings about a hatred of sin and a love of holiness and purity.
Second, an expression of sorrow for past wrongs (Ps. 38:18). We find an example of this in the case of the Publican in Luke 18:13. He smote upon his breast as an indication of the sorrow in his heart.
Thirdly, a turning from sin (or the devil) and a turning unto God. 1 Thess. 1:9. It is the devil that is the author of sin. He also has the power to keep those who stay with him to go on sinning. But whoever repents is saying goodbye to Satan and welcome to God. (Acts 26:18).

True repentance brings pardon and blotting out of past sins. (Isa. 55:7 Acts 3:19). Note that repentance merely prepares the way for forgiveness. It is not forgiveness itself. Also, true repentance causes joy in heaven. (Lk. 15:10). This is because everyone that repents ceases to be an enemy of God and becomes His friends.

When a person hears the message of the Gospel, the Holy Spirit convicts them of their sin leading to a great sorrow of heart that finally leads to repentance (11Cor.7:10). Note that the sorrow is prelude to repentance and not repentance itself. Any sorrow that is not accompanied by a determination to forsake sin and turn to God is useless. (Heb. 12:17). So that true repentance is actually a gift from God through the working of the Holy Spirit. (Acts 11:18).
Has the Holy Spirit been working upon you since you started this lesson? Then do not hinder Him. Repent.

1. What is true repentance?
2. Why is repentance necessary?
3. What are the signs that someone has truly repented?
4. What are the results of true repentance?
5. How can you repent?

MEMORY VERSE: For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory? 11 Cor. 4:17.

BIBLE PASSAGE: 1 Corinthians 9:16-27.

INTRODUCATION: It is generally believed that the rewards to be given at the Judgement Seat of Christ will consist of crows and other glorious things. 11 Cor. 4:17 speaks of the momentary light, affliction which is descriptive of this world of sorrow, pain, tears and problems. However, the moment that we cross to the other
side, this moment of affliction will be exchanged for an “Exceeding and eternal weight of glory.” The believer falls asleep in Christ (Jn. 11:11), suddenly awakes in the Lord’s presence and the glory begins (Ph. 1:23).

Every born-again child of God, living a holy life and walking in the Spirit of God may expect:
(a) To be with Christ on the last day (Jn. 14:3). Now everyone is happy to be in the presence of a great person but nothing can compare to being in the presence of the King of Kings!
(b) To behold His face (Ps. 17:15). What glory it will be just to be able to gaze on that wonderful face (Rev. 22:4).
(c) To behold the glory of Christ (Jn.17:24). We shall not only behold His face but also His glory. The disciples saw a glimpse of this glory on the Mount of Transfiguration. We shall see it in full when we get to heaven!
(d) To be glorified with Christ, (Rom. 8:17-18). We are not just to behold His glory; we are to be glorified too! WE do not know what this actually means but it is surely going to be marvelously wonderful!
(e) To reign with Christ (11 Tim. 2:12). We shall reign with the King of Kings! In Matt. 25:20-23 parables of the talents, the faithful ones were made rulers over many things. That is a challenge to us today.
(f) To inherit all things (Rev. 21:7). Not some things but all things!
(g) To shine as the stars (Dan. 12:3). I believe we should increase the rate at which we are winning souls for Christ.

It is possible for believers to win several crowns. For example there is:
(a) Crowns of runners (1 Cor.9:24-25). It is an incorruptible crown, an eternal one. It is for those who patiently run the race to heaven and are temperate in all things (Heb. 12:1).
(b) Then there are crowns for soul winners (1 Thess. 2:19). This is called the crown of rejoicing. Perhaps each convert will be a jewel, a star in that crown. How many stars will there be in your own crown? You ought to have at least one for each year of your Christian life if you win at least one Soul a year!
(c) Then there are crowns for anticipators, that is, those who are expecting the Lord’s return (11 Tim. 4:8). This is called the crown of righteousness. Everyone ought to win this crown, each one of us ought to be watching and waiting for the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.
(d) There is also the crowns for faithful ones (James 1:12). This is called the crown of life. There seems to be three conditions to winning this crown:
i. Enduring temptation, overcoming evil;
ii. Loving the Lord, which ought to be easy
iii. Being faithful unto death, enduring to the end, even if it means martyrdom (Rev. 2:10).
(e) Then there are crowns for true Pastors (1 Pet. 5:4). This is called the crown of glory. This is the crown for the elders, the under shepherds, pastors, missionaries and teachers who perform their duties so well that the Great Shepherd would say “well done” to them.
(f) Finally, there are crowns of gold for all the redeemed (Rev.4:4). Not only earthly kings and queens have crowns. Redeemed men, born-again, holy living Christians shall crowns too.

It is possible to earn a crown and then lose it again (Rev. 3:11). Would that not be a terrible tragedy? May God grant that it will not happen to us? But then the challenge is to faithfulness. Be faithful, even unto death. How many crowns do you hope to win, anyway? Will you like to tell God about it?

1. Mention some things that could be included in the future glory of believers.
2. Mention some crowns that a believer could win.
3. What are the conditions for winning a crown of life?
4. Which of the crowns do you think will be easiest to win?
5. Is it possible to win a crown and then lose it later? Explain.

FURTHER READINGS: JN. 8:51, 1 Cor. 15:55, 1 Thess. 4:14, 11 Cor. 4:6, Matt. 17:2,

MEMORY VERSE: Wherefore Jesus also, that He might sanctify the people with His own blood, suffered without the gate. Hebrews 13:12.

BIBLE PASSAGE: John. 17:13-23, 1 Thessalonians. 4:1-7.

INTRODUCTION: The basic meaning of sanctification is separation: Separation from evil (11 Chro. 29:5, 15-18) and separation into God 9Lev. 27:16). The subject of holiness and sanctification is so important that it is mentioned 1,066 times in the Bible. It is the express will of God that every believer should be sanctified (1Thess. 4:3). Until we have been sanctified we are of very little use to God.
We cannot really become a “Vessel unto honour” until we have been sanctified. (11 Tim. 2:21).

A true believer is a follower of Christ. He wants to be like Christ in all ways and in all things. Now, Jesus Christ was sanctified. By whom? By His Father, (John 10:36) and by Himself (John 17:19).

Now if Jesus needed to be sanctified, then how much more do His followers need to be sanctified.
Secondly, you cannot live a holy life unless you are sanctified. And if you do not live holy, then you shall not see the King on His return. (Heb. 12:14).

Sanctification is so crucial to a believer that God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit all have a part to play in bringing it to pass. That is the Trinity is involved in the work of sanctification: God the Father
(1 Thess. 5:23-24), God the Son (Eph. 5:26) and God the Holy Spirit (11 Thess. 2:13). The Trinity is willing to sanctify you, but are you willing to be sanctified?

There are various ways by which a believer can be sanctified. First, you can be sanctified by the Word of God. (John 17:17). In other words, to be sanctified, you need to spend much time the Word of God. The Word of God will reveal to you that in the New Testament alone there are 103 different sins listed. When you know your enemies (i.e sins) you will know how to avoid them.
Of course, sanctification is also to be obtained by the blood of Jesus, (Heb. 13:12). The Word of God reveals the sin, the blood of Jesus cleanses it away.

The third means of sanctification is through a heart surgery, (Ezek. 36:26). As long as our hearts remain stony, we cannot live a holy life. But once they are replaced by hearts of flesh, it becomes easy to do the will of God.

Finally, we also have a part to play, (11 Cor. 7::1). God never forces His will on any man. It is those who voluntarily yield unto him their story hearts who can obtain hearts of flesh in exchange.

The results of sanctification are many. First and foremost, once you are sanctified, it becomes easy to live a holy life. Secondly, you now become a vessel unto houour fit for the master’s use. This is as a consequence of your holiness which follows once you are sanctified. Thirdly, as soon as you become a vessel unto honour, you will start to bear fruits (Rom. 6:22, Gal. 5:22-23). Fourthly, once you start to bear fruits, you will get more and more perfect, so that day by day you approach the perfection of Christ Jesus. (Jn. 15:2, Heb.10:14). Finally, you have a guarantee of an inheritance beyond the grave (Acts 26:18). In other words, there is an inheritance in heaven, reserved for only those who are sanctified. Infact all the glories of heaven are reserved for only the sanctified since the unsanctified will never get to heaven. For heaven is holy and no unclean thing will be allowed in to defile its beauty.

Are you sanctified? Do you wish to be? Are you willing to part with sin and uncleanness? Then the Trinity is willing to sanctify you wholly. Why not talk to Jesus about it now?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more about sanctification. Ps. 4:3, Ex. 40:9-11, Lev. 27:14-16, Num. 8:17, Rom. 6:19, 1 Cor. 6:11, Phil. 3:12-14, James 4:7, 1 Pet. 3:15.

MEMORY VERSE: The wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. Romans 6:23.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Genesis 3:1-19
INTRODUCTION: Today, many people call sin by various names. Some call it mistake, some call it failure, and some call it human weakness. Whatever name you may decide to give to sin, every Christian must know that sin is extremely bad. Sin means disobeying God, and anyone who disobeys the Almighty God is in great danger.

Actually, Sin started with Satan (Isa. 14:12-14). Then sin entered the world through Adam and Eve. Adam and Eve sinned because they listened to the devil and disobeyed God. They doubted God’s love and His Word, looked at what God had forbidden and ate thereof. There is a great lesson for us in this: if you do not want to sin, then do not listen to the devil and whatever God forbids must remain forbidden unto you.

The Bible contains a long list of things called sin. You can discover some of them for yourself by reading 1 Cor.6:9-10 (5 sins); Rom. 1:29-31 (19 sins); 1 Tim. 1:9-11 (6 Sins); Col. 3:5-8 (7 sins); Gal. 5:19-21 (9 sins); Mark 7:20-23 (3 sins). Are you free from all these sins?

There are many results of Sin. We shall list only three.
(i) Death. (Rom. 6:23). Anyone who sins will die not only physically, but spiritually also. That is, not only will he die physically, he will forever be separated from God.
(ii) Punishment. (Mt. 25:46). Not only will a sinner be separated from God, he will be tormented for ever and ever.
(iii) Hell. (Mt. 25:41), Hell, the place where sinners will spend eternity, is a burning pit people who go there are for ever thirsty and suffer the type of pain that one gets if one touches fire! It is a terrible and fearful place.

Can you hide your sins from God? No. It is not possible. (Num. 32:23). Not only will your sin be discovered, you will be discovered also. Remember the cases of Adam, Cain, Achan, Ananias and Sapphira, Judas Iscariot and many others and fear God. (prov.28:13). Forsake your sins today.

Can I free myself from sin? (Jere. 2:22). Whatever my effort, I cannot personally free myself from sin. But thank God for Jesus Christ. (Eph. 1:7). It is the powerful Blood of Jesus Christ that cleanses from all sins. (1Jn. 1:7). Do you wish to be free from your burden of sin? Then wash in the Blood of Jesus.

1. What is Sin?
2. How did sin start?
3. Why did Adam and Eve sin?
4. Name four things you know as sin
5. What are the results of sin?
6. Can you hide your sin?
7. How can you be free from sin?

The following passages will tell you more about sin and the one who is able to save from sin. Rom. 7:13, Heb. 1:13, Ps. 97:10, 1 Jn. 1:9, 11 Cor.5:21, 1 Jn. 3:5, Heb. 4:15.

MEMORY VERSE: Wherefore I say unto you, all manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men: but the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men. Matt. 12:31.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Matthew 12:22-37
INTRODUCATION: The Holy Spirit is a person that can be sinned against. Let us beware lest we sin against Him either consciously or unconsciously because the HolySpirit is Fire (Heb. 12:29). And anyone who toys with fire is sure to get burnt.

Blasphemy against the Holy Ghost is one sin for which there is no forgiveness (Matt. 12:31-32). It is called the unpardonable sin, the most lawful sin that can be committed on earth. Blasphemy against the Holy Ghost is ascribing to Satan the work of the Holy Spirit. Beware of belittling the work of the Holy Spirit. This is a very
serious matter!

Now it is the Holy Spirit that presents the atoning work of Christ to the sinner. If the Sinner refuses to believe or accept it, he is insulting the Holy Spirit calling Him a liar (Heb.10:29). In the rejection of the atoning work of Christ, the sinner is saying to the Holy Spirit that the whole work of Christ is either a lie or deception. It is counting the death of Christ as a common thing and His precious blood shed as of no value. This is a serious sin that can only lead to hell unless the sinner changes his mind.

Sometimes the Holy Spirit reveals some weaknesses within us but instead of being thankful for the discovery and making the necessary correction, we rebel and our proud heart refuses to make the necessary confession (Isa. 63:9-10). The root of vexation is rebellion. After repeated warnings, multiplied blessings plus abundant light and knowledge, to persist in evil, to still ignore Him surely is Vexing the Holy Ghost. Let us listen, yield and obey but never vex the precious Holy Spirit. Let us cease our stubbornness of will and accept the blessing that He wants to give.

Often the Spirit quickens the conscience to do right but when we deliberately resist His pleading and leading we are actually manifesting unbelief. And it is unbelief that leads to resistance and consequently backsliding (Heb. 3:19). Sometimes the Spirit quickens us to speak to a soul, to drop a sin, to become a Missionary, to go to Bible School, to live a separated life, to give to the poor, but instead of obedience, we resist His guidance (Acts 7:51). Let us heed the warning in (Gen. 6:3), because if we resist the Spirit too long God may turn us over to a reprobate mind (Rom. 1:24).

Ananias and Saapphira in seeking to deceive their Brethren actually tempted and lied to the Holy Spirit (Acts 5:9). Now rather than condemn others, let us examine ourselves. Any man becomes guilty of tempting the Holy Spirit when he pretends to his brethren that he is wholly devoted to God when he is actually indulging in
secret sin or withholding from God e.g. areas of tithing and offering. Every lie to man is a lie to the Holy Ghost!

To quench means to stifle, put out, silence. (1 Thess. 5:19-20) is a solemn warning. When the spirit speaks to us through the Word or Conscience, we must obey, irrespective of the cost. If we allow the fire to be smothered in our lives, then only the ashes remain. Let us be careful in criticizing the manifestation of the
Spirit in the testimony of some believers or the sermon of some preachers lest we be guilty of quenching the Spirit.

The Spirit (Holy) trusts us to resist sin and obey the Lord. If we fail He is made sad (Eph. 4:30). Very often the Spirit is also grieved by light and unprofitable conversation of believers (Eph. 4:29, 31). Let us watch the door of our lips!

Which one (Or are there more that one) of the above sins is still in your life? Hell is not pleasant place, brother, please pray now!

1. What are the seven sins against the Holy Ghost?
2. What is the unpardonable sin?
3. What is the basic cause of resisting the Holy Spirit?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more: Matt.12:20, 11 King.5:25-27, Mk. 3:22-30, 1 Jn. 5:8, Ps. 51:10.

MEMORY VERSE: For in that He Himself hath suffered being tempted, He is able to succor them that are tempted. Hebrews 2:18.

BIBLE PASSAGE: James 1:12-27.

INTRODUCATION: Temptation is one of the most familiar experiences of the true child of God and no one can totally escape from temptation. Even our Lord Jesus Christ was tempted. That is why the Lord taught us to include in our daily prayer the petition: “And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.” To be tempted is not sin; to yield to temptation is sin. Just as we cannot stop birds from flying over our heads but we can stop them from nesting in our hair, so also can we not stop evil thoughts from passing through our minds but we need not accept them nor allow them to take a stronghold.

God never tempts any man (James 1:13) although He may give permission to the devil to do so when He is certain that the end result will be to His own glory. In which case he sets the boundaries outside which the devil must not go (Job. 1:1-12, 2:6). The actual sources of temptation are (a) Satan (Matt. 4:1); (b) The flesh (James 1:14), (c) Evil association (Prov.1:10) and (d) at times Christian friends (Matt. 16:22-23).

When can God allow temptations to come our way? The answer is simply:
(a) When He wants to test our faith (James 1:2-3)
(b) When He wants to test our obedience (Gen. 22:1).

God tests men to know the depth of their love and the sincerity of their testimonies that they would obey Him in all things at all times. It is easy to say that we love God and the God can do all things. It is only at the time of severe trials that we can discover if we mean what we say or not. However, in all those cases, God always provides a way for us to overcome (1 Cor.10:13). Of course there are temptations which we bring upon ourselves through the lusts of our flesh.

Temptations can come through many avenues. We shall list a few of them so that we shall know how to watch out. Temptations can come through:
(a) Poverty or prosperity (Prov. 30:9).
(b) Discouragement (Ps. 42:11, 1 Kings 19:4).
(c) Pride, the case of Nebuchadnezzar’s fall (Dan. 4:30);
(d) Pleasure, that led Demas astray (11 Tim. 4:10)
(e)Desire for power, that brought a curse on Simon Magus (Acts 8:19);
(f) Material possessions, that ruined Achan (Josh. 7);
(g) Love of woman, that ruined Solomon and caused the anger of God against David (Neh. 13:26, 11 Sam. 11:2-4).
(h) Love of money that led to the destruction of Judas Iscariot (Jn.13:21-30).

.There are two possible outcomes to temptations. We either yield to it or we resist it and overcome. If a Christian yields to temptation, it becomes a sin (1 Tim. 6:9). The result then is that the Christian’s testimony is badly affected and he becomes spiritually weak. On the other hand, if the temptation is resisted, the Lord is glorifies and the Christian grows spiritually stronger and is thus able to resist other temptations in the future. The Victorious Christian grows in faith and maturity. God is happy because the determination of the Christian to obey Him is confirmed.

There are several ways of overcoming temptations. We shall mention some of them:
(a) By trusting God: we can rely on God’s faithfulness. He changes not (1 Cor. 1:9, 1 Cor. 10:13).
(b) By memorizing the Word of God and quoting them when the need arises like Jesus did in Matt. 4.
(c) By constant prayer and carefulness (Matt. 26:41). The man who knows that his weakness is alcoholic drinks should not be frequent in beer parlours.
(d) By fleeing (11 Tim. 2:22). When Joseph found himself comered by Portiphar’s wife, he ran.
(e) By resisting (James 4:7).The devil is a coward; if we resist him, he flees, that is, he runs away in terror.
(f) Above all, rely on Jesus Christ who is constantly praying for us (Lk. 22:31-32). Beware of yielding to sin, to fall is easy but the scars often remain. Remember, we can do all things through Christ, including resisting temptations.

1. What types of people are subject to temptations?
2. List four possible avenues of temptations?
3. Can God tempt a man? Explain?
4. What are the results of temptations?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more about this topic: 1 Jn. 2:16, Num. 22:17, Job 2:9, Matt. 4:6, Matt.4:9, Gen. 19:1-6, Rev. 3:10.

MEMORY VERSE: If we love in the Spirit let us also walk in the Spirit. Gal 5:25.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Galatians 5:13-26.

INTRODUCATION: The fruit of the Holy Spirit is the outcome of His dwelling in us and our yielding to Him. (Gal. 5:17-23) gives a sharp contrast between the works of the flesh and the fruit of the Spirit. The works of the flesh (17 of the them) are the natural outcome of what the Bible calls the “Old man.”
The fruit of the Spirit, on the other hand, is the result of the Holy Ghost acting through the “New creature” that a believer becomes after being born-again. The fruit of the Spirit (9 or them) is spoken of as if it were one to show that the Christian is not complete until he manifests all nine graces.

(Gal. 5:22-23) lists the nine graces that combine to form the one fruit. They are (a) Love. This is divine type of Love (1 Jn. 4:16), (b) Joy. Not the happiness of the world, but deep rooted gladness (Ph. 4:4). (c) Peace. This is the peace of God that completely satisfies (Col. 3:15). (d) Longsuffering. This means patience. (e) Gentleness. This involves kindness and a cool temper. (F) Goodness. This grace makes the Christian full of good works. (g) Faith. Without this grace it is impossible to please God. (h) Meekness. A meek man, is one who never revenges, does not repay evil with evil (11 Tim. 2:25). (i) Temperance. This is self- control as is evidenced by moderation in appetite, dress, and infact in everything. Christ, our example, demonstrated all these nine graces. Therefore we too can do the same if we trust Him for help.

Fruit is necessary (John. 15:2, Luke 13:7-9). The only reason for our existence here after conversion is to bear fruit. The fruitless cannot for long enjoy the privileges of the fruitful. Fruitlessness and favour with God cannot live together. The Lord Jesus Christ is waiting for true fruit from our lives (James 5:7)
We can only bear the fruit of the Spirit if we are dead to the world and the world is dead to us. Fruit is an outcome of death (Jn. 12:24). If we are not dead to the world and sin, we will merely bring forth the works of the flesh. Many are fruitless because self has not been crucified and so they continue to abide alone. It is only the new life alone that is capable of bringing forth fruit to the glory of God. It is only those who are Spirit-filled who can bear the fruit of the Spirit.

The type of fruit you bear will tell whether or not you are Spirit-filled. The Bible says that by their fruits we shall know them (Matt. 12:33). Also in (Num. 13:26), the spies showed the fruit of Canaan to prove that it was a good land. Grapes do not bear figs (Matt. 7:16-20). Neither will a Spirit-filled life exhibit cursing, bitterness, envy and immorality.


The source of the fruit of the Spirit is God Himself (Hos. 14:8). We cannot bear fruit on our own effort. We need Jesus’ help (Jn. 15:4). The saints abound in fruit as he is rooted and grounded in Christ (Eph. 3:17-18). Without Christ we can do nothing. God is the source of all goodness. Are you fruitful? Do you wish to be fruitful? “Call upon Me, “Says God,” and I will answer you.” Call on Him now and you will start to bear fruit.

1. What are the 9 graces that comprise the fruit of the Spirit?
2. Why do some Christians remain fruitless?
3. How can a Christian bear fruit?
4. How would you know a Spirit- Filled Christian?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more about the fruit of the Holy Spirit. Matt. 21:34, Col.1:10, 1 Cor. 13, Jere. 2:3.

MEMORY VERSE: Thy word is a lamb unto my feet and a light unto my path. Ps. 119:105

BIBLE PASSAGE: 11 Timothy 3:1-17

INTRODUCATION: Next to the gift of Christ and the Holy Spirit, the Bible is the third greatest gift from God. There are many books but only one book is referred to as the Book, and that is the Bible. It is the oldest book in existence. It required sixteen hundred years to write it and the first writer died 1450 years before the last writer was born. It has been translated into more than 1000 languages and dialects. One important point is that the Bible will be the standard of judgement on the last day (Jn. 12:48).


The seven wonders of the Bible are:
i. The wonder of its formation: One book written in one place in one language, another book written in another country centuries later in another language and yet they blend together.
ii. The wonder of its unification: It is a library of 66 books, yet only one book, for it has only one Author, the Holy Spirit.
iii. The wonder of its age: It is the most ancient of all books.
iv. The wonder of its Sale: It is the best seller of all time.
v. The wonder of the interest people have in it: it is the only book that is read by all classes and ages of mankind. It is read by sages and children alike.
vi. The wonder of its language: It was written largely by uneducated men, yet it is considered a literary masterpiece.
vii.The wonder of its preservation: It has been the most hated of all books.
Time and again, kings and governments have sought to burn and abolish it. Yet God has preserved it for us today and it can be found in almost every home.


The word of God has been referred to as:
i. A sword: The Bible is a pointed Word that convicts the hearer (Heb. 4:12).
ii. A hammer: The Bible is powerful and breaks the resistance of the hearer (Jere. 23:29).
iii. A Seed: The Bible is a living Word regenerating the hearer (1 Pet. 1:23).
iv. A Mirror: The Bible is a faithful Word, revealing the individual to himself (Jam. 1:23-25).
v. A fire: The Bible is a burning Word, consuming the dross in the hearer (Jere. 23:29).
vi. A lamp: The Bible is an illuminating Word guiding the believer day –by-day (Ps.119:105)
vii. Food: The Bible is nourishing Food, feeding the soul (1 Pet. 2:2).
So that the Word of God convicts, breaks, regenerates, reveals, consumes, illuminates and nourishes the individual.

i. Conviction of sin comes through the preaching of the Word of God (Acts 2:37).
ii. Faith comes by hearing the Word of God (Rom. 10:17).
iii. Cleansing comes from the Word of God (1 Cor. 7:1)
iv. Assurance comes from the Word of God (1 Jn.5:13)
v. Comfort comes from the Word of God (1 Thess. 4:18)
vi. Truth comes from the Word of God (Acts 17:11)
vii. The new birth comes from the Word of God (1 Pet. 1:23).

i. Read it lovingly. The Bible is the Word of my Saviour to me (Ps. 119:11).
ii. Read it reverently. The Bible is the Word of God, the Almighty Saviour and judge.
iii. Read it prayerfully. The Bible is God’s message to me, to my own heart and life. It is the way God speaks to me when I speak to Him (in prayer).
iv. Read it meditatively. The Bible is not a newspaper, novel or a history book. It contains the mysteries of God.
v. Read it systematically. Read right through the Bible, not just selected portions.
vi. Read it resolutely. I will obey that which my Father teaches and commands me from His Book.

He sends His Word and He heals (Ps. 107:20). There is healing in the Word, there is deliverance in the Word, there is salvation in the Word, and there is life in the Word. Make the Bible your constant guide and companion in life! (Jere. 15:16).

1. Tell five things about the Bible.
2. What do we learn about the Bible in Heb. 4:12?
3. Who is the Author of the Bible?
4. How many books are there in the Bible?
5. Why should you read the Bible daily?

FURTHER READINGS: Jere. 20:9, 1 Cor. 3:2, Isa. 44:20, Rev. 10:8-10.

MEMORY VERSE: That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot or wrinkle, or any such things but that it should be Holy and without blemish. Eph. 5:27.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Ephesians 5:22-32

INTRODUCATION: The Bible does not recognize any Denomination or any visible Church on earth as The Church. The Church which is the Body of Christ consists of all regenerated souls. Each one redeemed by the Blood of Christ and transformed by the Holy Spirit. Only a small part of the Church is on earth now for a great part have already gone to be with the Lord. The Supreme work of God in this age is the gathering of the Church (Acts 15:14). The Church has no visible head on earth but an unseen Head (Jesus Christ) in heaven.

The word “CHURCH” comes from the Greek word “Ecclesia” meaning “to call out from” Christians are called out from the world system to be “in Christ” (1 Cor. 1:2). The Christian Church is a New Testament institution beginning with Pentecost and ending probably with the rapture, the second coming of Christ. The word Church can refer to a local group of believers (Col. 4:15). The word Church can also mean the Church universal (1 Cor.15:9).

There are certain distinctions between the Church and the Kingdom, between the Church visible and the Church invisible, between the local Church and the universal Church and between the church militant and the Church triumphant. The Kingdom, according to the parable in Matt. 13, is comprised of both good and bad. The Church is therefore a part of the Kingdom. The visible Church consists of members of local Churches, all earthly denominations and sects; whether good, bad or indifferent. The invisible Church is made up of those whose names are written in the Lamb’s Book of Life (Rev. 21:d27). Are you a member of the invisible Church? Is your name in the Lamb’s Book of Life? Please note that the answer is no if you are not yet saved or you are backslidden. In either case you need prayers! By the local Church is meant any local congregation in a given location. The Church universal is a team which includes all churches everywhere. The Church militant refers to the true Church on earth while the Church triumphant refers to the section of the Church already in heaven.

The Church was founded by Jesus Christ on Peter’s confession that Jesus Christ, was (and is) the Son of God, the Messiah, the Christ, God incarnate in humanity (Matt.16:16-18). Our Saviour did not build the Church on Peter, but on Peter’s words. Historically, the Church was founded at Pentecost when the Spirit descended (Acts 2:47). They had started places of meeting (Acts 5:12, Acts 12:12) and stated times of meeting which was daily (Acts 2:46).

There is five basic conditions of membership in the true Church of God. The first is repentance (Acts 2:38), and the second is faith in the Lord Jesus Christ as Saviour, Lord and Son of God (Matt. 16:16-18). The third is salvation, regeneration or the new birth (Acts 2:47). The saved were added to the Church. They were not added to the Church in order to be save but added to the Church because they were saved already. This means that mere Church attendance does not make you a member of the true Church, it is only when you are saved that you truly belong! The fourth condition is Baptism in the Name of the Trinity (Matt. 28:19) and the fifth condition is continuance in the Apostles’ doctrine (Acts 2:42). This means living according to the scripture, living according to the Word of God.

To become a member of the true Church of God you must be saved and your name must be written in the Lamb’s Book of Life. But more importantly, if you wish to remain a member of the true Church, you must live a holy life, without spot or wrinkle, without any blemish or any spot (Eph. 5:27). Are you a member or have you lost your membership? Will you like to pray about it?

1. Which Church is the true Church?
2. What is the Church?
3. On what foundation is the Church built?
4. What are the conditions for membership?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more: Col. 1:18, Col. 2:19, Eph.1:22-23,
Eph. 2:20-21, 11 Cor.11:2, Jn.3:29, Rev. 19:7.

MEMORY VERSE: Let the righteous smite me; it shall be a kindness: and let him reprove me: it shall be excellent Oil. Ps. 141:5a.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Psalm 141:1-9.

INTRODUCATION: In our last lesson, we defined the Church and specified the conditions for membership. In this second part of the study on the Church, we wish to discuss Church Discipline. Discipline means taking corrective measures as punishment in order to maintain the good conduct of Church Members. The Apostolic
Church was strong because it was pure (Acts 5:1-11). Many churches today are weak because they have compromised and condoned sin in the members. Discipline is good and wholesome for the Church as a whole and for individual members.

Discipline ought to be taught after conversion but before baptism. During the baptism preparation, we set before the candidates Christian standards. Along side this, we ought to teach them the punishment for disobedience. Every full member of a Church ought to be well informed on what will happen to anyone who either openly commits a sin or does so secretly and is found out.

There are three basic things to be taught. First is the basis of the authority of Church leaders to discipline and the necessary steps to be taken before discipline is administered (Matt. 18:15-17). The process is as follows: If any man sins, and another member finds out then,
(a) Go to the erring one alone to exhort him to repent;
(b) If he resists, take with you two or three others as witnesses;
(c) If he continues to harden his heart, inform the Church;
(d) If he does not accept the discipline handed down to him by the church let every one consider him as a sinning heathen and act accordingly.
The second thing to be taught is what could lead to discipline or occasions for discipline.

(a) False doctrine (Tit. 1:10-14). The Church must take a strong stand against any teachings that have no Biblical support.
(b) Open sin (Tim. 5:20). A church that condones open sin is grieving the Holy Spirit and such a Church will soon become worldly. Because the Holy Spirit is Holy and cannot abide in sin. Moreover whenever there is sin in the Church, innocent members suffer too (Jos. 7:10-12).
(c) Immorality (1 Cor. 5:1-5). The man referred to here was excommunicated for he had committed fornication with his own mother or step-mother. Fornication and adultery are terrible sins that God will never condone in any form (Rev. 21:8).

The third thing to be taught is the extent of discipline. Some sins merit outright excommunication (1 Cor. 5:5, 1 Cor. 5:13). But in most cases, if the guilty person shows genuine repentance such a person could be kept away from the Communion table or Church office or any special gathering of believers for a set period of time (Three months, six or twelve in accordance with the crime committed).

First of all, those who have the authority to discipline must live clean disciplined life themselves, above reproach in word and deed. Beside this, there are five important points to note. Discipline must be done.
(a) In humility (1 Cor. 10:12). There should be no “holier than thou” attitude.
(b) Insincerity (Matt. 7:3-5). Remove the beam from your own eye before you mention the mote in your brother’s eye. That does not mean that we are to take the attitude that “I am not perfect, therefore, I will not discipline my brother.” This is wrong. All you are expected to do is start by disciplining yourself first.
(c) In love (1 Cor. 13:4). We certainly must deal in love. The person we are trying to bring back to the narrow way may respond to our love when he may resist our words and arguments.
(d) By Scripture. Be sure that you can prove that what he has done is sin from the Scriptures.
(e) By testimony. Be willing to share personal experiences on the subject. This will establish a brotherly confidence – a mutual trust.

The secret of the strength of the army is its rigorous discipline. A Christian is called to be a soldier not a civilian. A disciplined Church is a powerful foe to Satan, just as a disciplined member is a terror to the devil. “…… Paul I know but…” Are you disciplined? Are you known in hell?

1. What is the object of Church discipline?
2. Why Church discipline is seldom practiced today?
3. List three occasions for Church disciplines?
4. How should discipline be taught?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more: Heb. 1:13, Rom. 7:13, 1 Tim. 1:20, 1 Cor. 6:1-3.

MEMORY VERSE: The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge. Prov. 1:7


INTRODUCATION: There are two types of fear, a wrong kind and a right kind. The Bible is full of passages that tell us to “fear not” e.g. in (Gen.15:1, LK. 2:10, Rev.1:17 and John 6:20). But this lesson is about the right kind of fear, the fear of God which the Bible recommends that we ought to have. This fear of the Lord of clean, wholesome and brings wisdom (Job 28:28 and Ps.19:9). It is a good thing to fear the Lord.

The fear of the Lord is that deep feeling you must have in order to be able to obey God. It is a reverential trust of God coupled with a hatred of evil. You cannot serve God or keep His commandments if His fear is not in you (Dan. 6:13, Ecc. 12:13, Prov. 8:13). The fear of the Lord is a treasure to him that has it (Prov. 15:16). It is a fountain of life (Prov. 14:27) and it is godly i.e. It is God-sanctioned (Heb.12:28).

I must fear the Lord because He commanded it and His command I must obey (Dan.13:4). But apart from that, there are several other reasons why a Christian should fear the Lord. For instance we should fear Him:
(a) Because of His holiness (Rev. 15:4);
(b) Because of His greatness (Dan. 10:12-17);
(c) Because of His goodness (1 Sam. 12:24).
(d) Because of His forgiveness without which we would all have ended up in hell (Ps. 130:4 and
(e) Because of coming judgements; Judgements against which there are no appeals! (Rev. 14:7).

There are several reasons why it is necessary to fear the Lord. For example,
(a) The fear of the Lord is necessary to worship (Ps. 5:7);
(b) It is necessary in service (Ps. 2:11);
(c) It is necessary to keep us from sin (Exo. 2:20);
(d) It is necessary for administration of justice (11 Chr. 19:6-9);
(e) It is necessary for good government (11 Sam. 23:3).
(f) It is necessary for the perfecting of holiness in our Christian lives (11 Cor. 7:1).

If you fear God, then certain things will follow.
One, fearing God brings pleasure to the Lord (Ps. 147:11). When you please God, then surely you can expect abundant blessings from Him. The Bible says that if a man’s way pleases the Lord. He will make his enemies dwell with him in safety i.e. you would not have to worry about your enemies again.
Two, if you fear the Lord, His pity will increase upon you (Ps. 103:13). When God pities a man, that man is not likely to suffer punishments or adversities.
Three, the fear of God makes a man acceptable to God (Acts 10:35). Surely, we all want to be acceptable to God.

Four, the fear of God brings down His mercy (Ps.103:17). When God decides to be merciful, then His anger is automatically withdrawn. But for the mercy of God where would we be today?
Five, the fear of God brings blessings (Ps. 112:1). Surely, we all want the blessing of God. To obtain these blessings, we must fear Him Six, it brings long life (Prov. 10:27). Nobody wants to die young. We all must fear the Lord. Seven, it brings answers to prayers (Ps.145:19). The prayers of those who fear the Lord are always quickly answered. Their salvation is also sure. Even if this is the only result of fearing the Lord, then we should fear Him.

Eight, it brings separation from evil (Prov. 16:6). Today, there is little fear to God and consequently an abundance of evil. It is the few people who fear the Lord who live a holy life, which explains why their prayers are quickly answered!

Nine, it brings confidence (Prov. 14:26). Why should a man who fears the Lord be confident? Because, once you fear God you do not need to fear any other thing; neither man (Is. 8:12-13) nor other Gods (11 Kings 17:38),Nor earthly calamities (Lk. 21:25-28). Surely, blessed is the man that fears the Lord. Lord, please teach me to fear Thee.

1. How many types of fear are there?
2. What do we mean by the fear of the Lord?
3. Why should you fear the Lord?
4. What are some of the outcomes of fearing the Lord?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more Exo. 14:13, Isa.43:1, Dan. 4:10, Prov. 29:25, Job. 15:24, Jos. 4:23-24, Mal. 3:16, Prov. 15:16, 19-23.

MEMORY VERSE: Every good and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights. James 1:17.

BIBLE PASSAGE: 1 Corinthians 12:1-21

INTRODUCATION: There is a lot of difference between natural talents and the gifts of Holy Spirit. The gifts of the Holy Spirit are special gifts given by the Spirit to believers to enable them to consistently bear fruit to the glory of God and our Lord Jesus Christ. There are many of these gifts and they are all available today as in the time of the Apostles.

There are various kinds of gifts of the Holy Spirit. (1 Cor. 12:8-10) lists some of them as the gifts of wisdom, knowledge, faith, healing, miracles, prophecy, discernment, tongues and interpretation of tongues. This list consists of nine gifts. But other Bible passages list some more. (1 Cor. 12:28). Lists some as the gifts that fit one to be an apostle, prophet, teacher, miracle-worker, healer, administrator or linguist (a linguist is one who understands many languages). (Eph.4:11-16) adds the following: gift of evangelism, pastoral and gift of ministry. (Rom. 12:6-8) adds the gifts of exhortation, gift of giving, gift of ruling, and the gift of showing mercy. Even though there are 24 gifts listed here, some of them are repetitions and there are about 20 different ones namely: gifts of wisdom, knowledge, faith, healing, miracles, prophecy, discernment, tongues, and interpretation of tongues, apostleship, teaching, helping, administration, evangelization, pastor ship, ministry, exhortation, giving, ruling and mercy.

Who gives these gifts? The answer is found in (1 Cor. 12:11). It is the Holy Spirit who gives these gifts. The Holy Spirit places the convert in the body of Christ and gives him the gift suitable for that particular location in the Body (Eph. 2:21-22). It is God who chooses where in the Body of Christ you are to be located and this determines your initial gifts.

The gifts are given so that everyone may profit thereby (1 Cor. 12:7). It is given so that the individual believer may be more useful and profitable to the entire Body of Christ. The Body of Christ has no room for useless believers just as the human body does not have unnecessary parts. Our conversion and baptism into the Body of Christ (1 Cor. 12:13) was more than just escaping hell; it was so that we could be a help and blessing to the Body as a whole.

Should we desire the gifts of the Holy Spirit? The answer is given in 1 Cor. 12:31. We are not just to desire them, we are to covert them. This is the only covetousness that has Divine blessing. Do not be satisfied with just one or two gifts. Seek and pray for others that would help you in the particular position He has given you in the Body. In the parable of the talents, the man who was originally given five more and the unused one was given to him as extra. He ended up with eleven talents. Initially, you may have only one or two gifts. Try and identify them and then keep on seeking for more to use for His glory.

Gifts are not given at random. Every man gets what suits him (1 Cor. 7:7). The administrator does not need the gift of preaching even though it is God who will finally decide what gifts to give and to whom.

We are to use any gifts given us (1 Tim. 4:14). Some people hide their gifts because they consider them inferior to those of other people. This can be very dangerous as the parable of talents show. Not only are we to use the gifts, we are also to improve on them (11 Tim. 1:6). The gifts need constant usage to be advantageous in the Kingdom of God.
Have you any gifts? Have you been using them? Are they lost and you want to regain them? Or you want more? Why not talk to God about it.

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more: 1 Cor. 14:1-39, Col.1:29.

MEMORY VERSE: And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire. Rev. 20:15.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Revelation 20:4-15

INTRODUCATION: In our last lesson, we spoke about the certainty of judgements. We treated one of them in details. Can you recall which one? In this lesson, we propose to outline briefly some broad details of the other six. We shall study them by considering five basic points each.
(a) Who is being judged.
(b) Time of judgement
(c) Place of judgement
(d) The basic of the judgement
(e) The results of the judgement

(a) The one who is being judged here was Christ heavily loaded with the sin of the entire world (Jn. 1:29).
(b) The time was about A.D. 30 when Christ was crucified
(c) The place was Calvary, (Jn. 19:17-19). The wrath of God was revealed in all its wakefulness from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men (Rom. 1:18). Unfortunately, it was the only man who never sinned who got the terrible punishment!
(d) The basis of the judgement was the law that declared the death penalty for every sin (Rom. 6:23, Ezek. 18:4).
(e) The results of the judgement was physical death for Christ but salvation and justification for believers (1 Tim. 4:10).

(a) The ones to be judged here are the saints and they are also the judges (1 Cor. 11:28).
(b) The time is anytime, not only during Holy Communion but daily.
(c) The place is any place, at home, at work in the Church, in the market place, everywhere and anywhere. Let us continually examine ourselves if we be in faith. Let us also be ready to heed the rebuke or pleading of the Holy Spirit.
(d) The basis of the judgement is our sonship (Heb. 12:6-7).
(e) The results of the judgement are:
(f) Purging, deliverance from weakness and death (1 Cor. 11:30).
(g) Forgiveness to the believer with joy and peace (1 Jn. 1:9).
These results certainly make daily self-examination necessary and beneficial.

(a) The people to be judged here are the Jews (Ezek. 20:34-38).
(b) The time is during the Great Tribulation when the Church is already ratured and gone with her Bridegroom
(c) The place will be Jerusalem and its vicinity (Jere. 33:7).
(d) The basis of the judgement will be their rejection of the Trinity (1 Sam. 8:7,Lk. 23:18, Acts 7:51).
(e) The results of the judgement will be the conversion of the Jews and their acceptance of Christ as Messiah (Isa. 66:8, Jere. 30:7).

(a) The ones to be judged here are the Gentiles nations that are all nations except the JewS (Matt. 25:32).
(b) The time will be at the second coming of Christ (Matt. 25:31).
(c) The place will be valley of jehoshaphat (Joel 3:2).
(d) The basis of the judgement will be treatment of Christ’s brethren (Matt. 25:40).
(e) The results of the judgement will be punishment for the goats (Matt. 25:41) and blessings for the sheep (Matt. 24:34). What will you rather be: a goat or a sheep? (Jn. 10:14).

(a) The ones to be judged here are the fallen angels.
(b) The time is unknown (Probably at the time of the Great White Throne Judgement).
(c) The place is also unknowm.
(d) The basis of the judgement is probably the rebellion led by Lucifer (Ezek. 28:19).
That angels too will be judged should make us sit up for it shows that surely God is no Respecter of persons Any believer who fails to make heaven is surely in for a tough time (11 Pet. 2:4, 11 Pet. 2:20-22). Believers who stand firm till the endwill be judged instead of offenders (1 Cor. 6:3).

(a) The one to be judged here are those who died without being born-again.
(b) The time is after the thousand year reign of Christ on earth (Rev. 20:5).
(c) The place is at the Great White Throne (Rev. 20:11).
(d) The basis of the judgement is whether or not the names were recorded in the book of life and the works of these individuals (Rev. 20:15).
(e) The result is that the ungodly are to be cast into the lake fire (Rev. 20:15).

Where will you appear: before the Judgement seat of Christ to obtain your crowns or before the Great White Throne? Decide today. Anyone who appears before the Great White Throne is doomed!

1. Is self-judgement of believers compulsory
2. When will the Great White Throne Judgement take place
3. Who will judge the angels?

FURTHER READINGS: Heb. 2:9, 1 Jn. 2:3, Jam. 1:25, Isa. 14:12-17, Rev. 12:4.

MEMORY VERSE: For we must all appear before the judgement seat of Christ; that ever one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad. 11 Cor. 5:10.

BIBLE PASSAGE: 11 Corinthians 5:1-15.
INTRODUCATION: Just as there is more than one resurrection, so also is there more than one judgement. Because Adam sinned, all may die. Because Christ rose, all must rise to be judged. And God has appointed His Son Jesus Christ to the Judge of all the earth (11 Cor. 5:10).

The Bible speaks of at least seven different judgments, namely:
(a) The Saviour on the Cross being judged for our sins
(b) The believers self-judgement (1 Cor. 11:31).
(c) The judgement of the believers at the judgement seat, which is what we shall discuss in this lesson.
(d) The judgement of the nations when sheep will be separated from goats (Matt. 25:22).
(e) The judgement of Israel after the tribulation (Ezek. 20:30-44).
(f) The judgement of angels which are reserved in darkness, waiting, (Jude 6).
(g) The judgement of the wicked dead or the great white Throne Judgement, (Rev.20:12).

It is generally believed that the judgement of the righteous will take place in the air. Therefore the judgement seat of Christ is likely to be in the air. This fact is probably drawn from 1 Thess. 4:13-17. the time is at the second coming of Christ, at the resurrection of life (Matt. 16:27). Only believers will be judged at this judgement.

The judgement is not a trial to decide the fate of either the saved or unsaved. Salvation is not the issue here since that is already settled during life time (Jn.3:16-18). The following things will be judged.
(a) Our works will be judged (1 Cor. 3:13).
(b) Our words will be judged (Matt. 12:36-37).
(c) Our thoughts will be judged (Matt. 15:19-20).
(d) Our secrets will be judged (Rom. 2:16)
(e) Our motives, correct (11 Cor. 5:14). Or incorrect (1 Cor. 3:21), Shall be judged.

The test will be by fire (1 Cor. 3:13). It will be a fair, impartial public display of justice. No one will be able to say that God showed favoritism since everyone will be able to see the result of other people’s test (Gal. 6:7-8).

For the works that remain, there will be rewards. For that which is burned, the individual will suffer loss (1 Cor. 3:15). We see here that some building materials are fireproof while others are combustible. What works are represented by fire proof materials? Some of them are:
(a) Righteousness.
(b) Honesty, not only before men but before God;
(c) A life of faith, faith in God, Christ, the Bible;
(d) Love, true love, 1 Cor. 13 type of love;
(e) Patience;
(f) Meekness,
(g) Humility
(h) Peace (11 Pet. 1:6).

On the other hand, works represented by combustible materials are:
(i) all forms of sin and wickedness;
(ii) cheating,
(iii) bribery and corruption
(iv) all forms of dishonesty,
(v) yielding to youthful lust;
(vi) good things done with wrong motives;
(vii) Pride, which goes before a fall? (1 Tim. 6:9-11)

How can I prepare to meet my Saviour at His judgement seat?
(a) By constant communion with my Lord
(b) By much self-examination particularly as to my motives for doing whatever I am doing for the Lord.
(c) By much prayer and meditation on the Word of God.
(d) By constant attention to the will of the Holy Spirit.
(e) By having a conscience void of offence before God and men (Acts 24:16).

If you live a truly Christian life, following in the footsteps of the Saviour, the judgement day should hold no terrors for you, since it ought to be the best day you ever had. It will be our crowning day, if we win a crown! (1 Cor.4:5). Examine your life today and return to the Lord.

1. What is the judgement seat?
2. Who and what will be judged there?
3. How can we be prepared for the judgement seat?
4. How God judge and what will be the result of the judgement?

FURTHER READINGS: Exo.12:14, Matt. 5:28, Matt. 5:9, 11 Tim.2:22, 1 Jn. 1:9.

MEMORY VERSE: But he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up steadfastly into heaven. Acts 7:55.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Ephesians 3:14-21; 14-21.

INTRODUCATION: The crowning act of faith for a believer is for him to surrender his life to the Spirit. This is not necessary for salvation, but it is necessary to be Spirit-filled. The infilling of the Spirit is received only when the believer consciously recognizes the Holy Spirit as being in full control of his life, completely governing every detail of his life. Now being filled with the Holy Spirit is a must for every believer. (Eph. 5:18). Is a very strong New Testament Command.

Every believer in Jesus Christ needs the filling of the Holy Spirit. The filling is for Apostles, preachers, fathers, mothers, bachelors, spinsters, old people and young. We need the filling for our own benefits in order to be the best possible Christians. Without it we cannot reach the goal set for us by God. The church needs spirit-filled members. If the filling is lacking, the Church is plagued with disorders, dissensions, strife, backbiting, jealousy and scandal. Every member of the Church should be Spirit-filled, the Pastors, Deacons, Workers, Sunday School Teachers, Ushers, Choir Members, Organist and every other member of the church.

Why must every member be filled? The point is that our Christian walk is two fold:
(a) God ward and (b) outward to fellowmen.
The world expects every Christian to be perfect. To live up to this high standard, every believer desperately needs the Spirit’s filling.
Secondly, we cannot be effective witnesses if we are not Spirit-filled. To do the work of the Lord in the energy of the flesh can only lead to disappointment and failure.
Thirdly, the lives of Spirit-filled Christians are evidences of the transforming power of Jesus Christ and a great challenge to unbelievers.

We are to keep on being filled. Let the filling be constant and continuous. For example, the Apostle Peter was filled with the Spirit in (Acts 2:4), again in (Acts 4:8), and again in (Acts 4:31). Each day needs its own new fullness. Let us constantly know the overflowing of the Spirit. (Jn.7:38-39).

Four major conditions for continuous filling of the Holy Spirit are (a) Be sure you remain a child of God, i.e. do not lose your salvation or backslide (Gal. 4:6). (b) Have a great thirst for this continuous filling (Jn. 7:37-39). It is those who thirst who drink and drink to the full. (c) Pray for it ceaselessly. It is what you ask for that you will get (Lk.11:13). (d) Whenever you pray, be sure you pray in faith. Any doubter cannot receive any blessings from God (Gal. 3:13-14).
Above all, the secret of being filled with the Holy Spirit is surrender, surrendering our wills, our bodies, possessions and every aspect of our lives to His control.

If you are continuously Spirit-filled, (a) You have at your disposal every day tremendous power to witness, to heal, to cast out demons and to face anything the devil may throw at you 9Acts 1;8, Mk. 16:17-20). (b) You will have power to live a victorious Christian Life (Acts 20:22-24) and (c) Glory will certainly accrue to the Lord, which is the basic ministry of the Holy Spirit (Jn. 16:14). Are you filled with the Holy Spirit? Do you wish to be fuller still? Pray about it now.

1. What is the difference between baptism and in filling of the Holy Spirit?
2. Why do we need to be constantly filled?
3. What are the conditions for being filled?
4. What are the results of being filled?

MEMORY VERSE: Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Matt. 28:19.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Matthew 3:5-17

INTRODUCATION: The Bible teaches that there is one God- the Creator of Heaven and Earth (Dan. 6:4). But a careful study of the scriptures will show that God exists in three Persons that is a Godhead manifested in three Persons. But how can God be three Persons and one God at the same time? Would that not make three Gods? (Isa. 55:8-9) teaches us that we should not use human reason when studying or trying to understand God. However, as we prayerfully go into this very important study, God will reveal Himself to us.

Although the word Trinity cannot be found in the Bible, yet we see many instances in the scriptures when the “Triune God” manifested himself. For example, during the baptism of Jesus Christ in (Matt. 3:13-17), we see that Trinity at work: God the Son was being baptized (v.16), god the Holy Spirit descended like a Dove and alighted on the Saviour (v.16) and then God the Father spoke from heaven (v.17). Also is the baptismal formula given us by Jesus Christ in (Matt.28:19), we are to baptize “in the Name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost.” Also the benediction recorded in (11 Cor. 13:14) involves, “The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, the Love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost.” In (Gen. 1:26) when man was to be created, God said, “Let us make man in our image, after OUR likeness…” The use of the plural terms here is quite revealing!

We must emphasize that the Trinity is a mystery and no single illustration can possibly explain the Trinity fully. However, if you consider me, your teacher, as a teacher who is married with children, then I am only man but I can be revealed as three persons as follows:
My mother sees me as a son. She sees me differently from anyone else and I respond to her in a way that is different from my response to others. My children see me as a father with all the implication of fatherhood. And you, my class, see me as a teacher which is different from being a son or a father. I remain one indivisible man but I am revealed as a father, son and teacher at the same time. God is one individual God but He is revealed in three separate Persons.

Yes, there are many instances when the Trinity acted in unity thus confirming the doctrine of one God in three Persons. For example, in creation, God the Father spoke (Gen. 1:3), God the Son was the Word spoken (Jn. 1:1) and God the Holy Spirit moved upon the face of the waters (Gen. 1:2). In the incarnation, God the Father gave his only Son (Jn. 3:16), God the Son was born into the world (Lk. 2:11) and God the Holy Spirit came upon Mary to cause conception (Lk. 1:35). In prayer, God the Father is the one who receives (Jn. 16:23). God the Son is the one in whose Name we pray and God the Holy Spirit directs us our requests (Rom. 8:26). In regeneration, God the Father records the new name in glory (Lk. 10:20). God the Son cleanses the sin in His precious blood (Eph. 1; 7 and God the Holy Spirit performs the transforming miracle of the new birth (Jn. 3:3-6).

Because God is a Spirit and we are physical, it is hard for us to Comprehend God. God is infinite and eternal and since it pleases the Almighty to reveal Himself to us in three Persons, let us thank each member of the Trinity, the Father, Son and the Holy Ghost for what they are and what they have done for us. Moreover, when we move into glory, it is God the Father who will receive us into the Kingdom, God the Son is the One who will change our vile body to one like His, (Phil. 3:21) and God the Holy Spirit who gives the invitation (Rev. 22:17), Are you ready to accept the invitation now?

1. Give two Bible references to prove the Trinity?
2. Where is the first hint in the Bible about the Trinity?
3. How does the Trinity work in regard to prayer?
4. How does the Trinity work in Salvation?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more about the Trinity Heb. 9:14, Eph. 2:18, 11 Cor. 5:19, 1 Jn. 1:3 and 11 Cor.1

MEMORY VERSE: But ye shall receive power after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth. Acts 1:8.

BIBLE PASSAGE: John 16:7-14

INTRODUCATION: In the first part of this lesson, we discovered who the Holy Spirit is, and who active He has been before the creation of the world. We discovered the part He played in the creation of the heaven, and the earth, how He preserves and renews the earth and how He can destroy whenever the need arises. We discussed the part He played in bringing Jesus to the world and how He was involved in every aspect of Christ’s Ministry here on earth. We also mentioned how it was by the power of the Holy Spirit that Jesus performed His miracles and that it was the power of the Holy Spirit that raised Jesus Christ from the dead. We ended the first part by saying tat the Holy Spirit is now actively interested in the Bride of Jesus Christ, that is, the Church. We shall now continue from there.

After a soul is saved, he becomes a part of the Bride of Jesus Christ. Immediately, the Holy Spirit assures the new convert of sonship and starts the work of making him sonlike. But the Holy Spirit does much more than that, For instance, He seals the believer as a pledge of future glory
(11 Cor.1:22). The work of sanctification is begun in the believer and if the believer has the right teachings and sufficient faith, he could be sanctified readily. The Holy Spirit is always anxious to do this because whoever is sanctified is set apart unto holiness and unto God, which is the will of God concerning every member of the Bride of Christ (11 Thess. 2:13, 1 Pet. 1:2).

To prevent the new believer from making mistakes, the Holy Spirit starts to guide him into all truth while abiding continuously with him. By the virtue of being a part of the Bride of Christ, the believer therefore becomes someone special, sealed by the holy Spirit, guided by Him, sanctified and set apart unto God and holy living through the power of the third person of the Trinity.

Jesus Christ the Bridegroom, before He left told His disciples that there is only one way to obtain power. And that one way is through the Holy Spirit (Acts 1:8). But what type of power is it? In the first place, the Holy Spirit gives us power to tell others about the wonderful Bridegroom, Jesus Christ, without the power of the Holy Spirit, no one can witness effectively. It is the power of the Holy Spirit that makes it easy for us to impart truth to others and to make them understand. Not only that, He gives us power to obey the truth irrespective of cost (1 Pet.1:22) and power to obey God in the time of weakness so that we are able to please God by gaining victory over the flesh. In other words, it is by the power of the Holy Spirit that we can mortify the deeds of the body (Rom. 8:13) so that with the power of the Holy Spirit we can have continuous victory over the terrible desires of the flesh.

While we were yet sinners, we were slaves to Satan. And being a slave to Satan implies being without freedom and being in bondage to so many things. However, the moment we become a part of the Divine Bride, the Holy Spirit procures for us several sweet freedoms. For example, He gives the believer freedom from law of sin and death (Rom. 8:2) by leading the believer out from under the law to liberty in Christ (Gal. 5:18). And by assisting us in putting away the things that displease our Father God we are led by the Holy Spirit to walk holy and blameless (Gal. 5:25), free from the curses and sorrows that follow a sinful life.

In preparation for our marriage with Christ Jesus, we have many things to learn. The Holy Spirit being fully aware of this takes the word of God and teaches us all we need to know (Jn. 14:26). He reveals, interprets and shows us the applications of the deep things of God (1 Cor. 2; 9-14). He reminds us of things we have learnt and continuously trains us until He has made Jesus, the Lord of your life yet or are you still struggling with the Holy Spirit?

1. What are the main things we learnt about the Holy Spirit last week?
2. What type of power does the Holy Spirit bestow?
3. How can a man be free?
4. Who is our Teacher and what does He teach us?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will benefit you: Rom. 8:26-27, James. 4:7, Rom. 5:5, Acts 13:52, Eph. 3:16, Eph. 2:18.

MEMORY VERSE: Ye are my friends if ye do whatsoever I command you. John 15:14.

BIBLE PASSAGE: John 15:10-23

INTRODUCATION: We live in an age of extreme lawlessness with many people believing that Christ abolished or fulfilled the law so that we can do whatever pleases us. Some even believe that once saved, we are saved forever even if we continue to disobey the Lord’s commandments. They claim that since we are under grace we can please ourselves. But this is clearly not so (Rom. 6:1-2; 14:15). This is why it is important that we know what these commandments of our Lord are so that we may start or continue keeping them. Note that a commandment is an order that must be obeyed.

The most basic of the Lord’s commandments concerns repentance (Matt. 4:17). Repentance is two-fold: Turning from sin and turning to God (Matt. 6:33). We are not only to repent but also to believe the Gospel, believe in Christ and in the Father (Mk. 1:15, Jn. 14:1). These are definite commands that must be obeyed if we are to miss hell and get heaven (Jn. 3:16).

The believer has no choice but to follow Jesus implicitly. This involves self denial and full determination (Lk. 9:23). The Christian life is to be characterized by prayer and constant watching (LK. 21:36). Why should we pray and what should we pray for? The answers are found in (Lk. 22:40, Lk.10:2 and Lk. 6:28). The order to pray must be obeyed if we are true believers!

In this faithless generation, it is essential to note that the saint of God is made great because he has faith in a great God. This is why Christ gave the command in (Mk. 11:22). Faith is absolutely essential, since without faith, no one can please God. Searching the Scriptures is a daily must for every believer (Jn. 5:39). We are to read, study and remember the Lord’s sayings (Jn. 15:20). Also, each Christian must daily let his light shine brightly (Matt. 5:16). We can start today as soos as we get home
(Mk. 5:19).

Christians are to love and serve God completely (Mk. 12:30). It is our supreme duty to God to worship Him and Him only (Matt. 4:10) as for men in authority, it is our duty to obey them (Mk. 12:17) and to pray for them (1Tim.2:2). Remember, if they go wrong, we all suffer for it! We also have duties to our neighbours. Our neighbour is any man in need of our help (Matt. 19:19). In dealing with our neighbours, the best way is always to put yourself in their shoes and act accordingly (LK. 6:31). We are commanded never to refuse to help whenever we can (Matt. 5:42). Where other believers, brethren, are concerned, we are to love, forgive and forbear condemnation (Jn. 15:12). We are neither to judge nor condemn one another but rather to forgive (Lk. 6:37).

The standard set by our Lord Jesus Christ is very high. It is the standard of God Himself. And He commands us to keep to that standard (Matt. 5:48). One important area where we are to have the same standard as God is in the area of mercy (Lk.6:36). This is an area often ignored by most believers! Otherwise, we will be preaching the Gospel more than we are doing knowing fully well that hell is not a place of joy! (Mk. 16:15-16). This is more so since the second coming of our Lord is nearer than when we first believed (Lk. 12:41). Let us be ready and remain faithful to the end
(Matt. 24:13).

In this lesson, we have reminded ourselves of some of the commandments of our Lord. Use these commands as a sort of inventory to check your personal lives before God. Jesus Christ gives us these commandments as a guide to follow to the strait gate that opens to glory land. If you wish to enter heaven remember His words of
Jn.14:23, “If a man loves me, he will keep my words.” Do you love Jesus? Have you been keeping His commandments? Do you plan to start now?

1. What is the Chief purpose of the Lord’s commandments?
2. How can we follow the Lord?
3. What is our duty to God and our fellowmen?
4. What is the Christian standard of life?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more about the Lord’s commandments: Lk. 13:24, Jn.6:29, Jn 3:7, 20:27, Matt. 14:27, 6:19, Lk. 17:4, Matt. 10:16.

MEMORY VERSE: He that loveth not knoweth not god; for God is love. 1 John 4:8.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Matthew 5:1-16

INTRODUCATION: It is impossible to put all the teachings of our Lord Jesus Christ in one lesson. Therefore what we shall try to do in this lesson is to summarize some of the teachings of Christ while on earth. In His earthly ministry, the Lord gave three long discourses: (a) the Sermon on the Mount (Matt. 5:7), Olive Discourse (Matt. 24:25) and (c) the Upper Room Discourse (Jn. 13:16) and several other shorter messages. One thing characterized all His teachings however, and that is the power and authority with which He spoke (Matt. 7:28:29). Let us keep this in mind as we continue with this lesson that we are learning from one who has real authority.

In His conversation with Nicodemus, Jesus told him that a man has to be born-again in order to see the Kingdom of God (Jn. 3:3-5). In short, Jesus revealed that He was the only door to Salvation and that no man could be saved except through Him. In Matt. 11:28-30, Jesus gave an invitation for the labourers and heavy laden to come to Him for Salvation and Soul-rest. Lk. 14:16-24, He extended the invitation to wanderers on the highways and byways, the poor, maimed, halt and the blind. In Jn. 3:16, we see clearly that the whole world is included in the Salvation plan of God even though not every body will accept the invitation.

In Matt. 5:33-38, we are taught three basic things, namely (a) not to swear (b) never to revenge but rather to turn the other cheek and (c) to love our enemies. Concerning gifts and giving we are taught in (Matt. 6:1-4; 19-21) that giving is to be done secretly and as an eternal investment. Under no circumstance are we to give with the aim of being seen. Praised or honoured. Concerning prayer, the Lord taught us to (a) pray in secret, (b) pray continuously and (c) our prayer is to be unlimited in scope and power (Matt. 6:5-13). The Lord also taught us that we must forgive others if we want Him to forgive us (Matt, 6:14-15) and we are not to set our affections on the necessities of life but that if we seek first the Kingdom of God, other necessities will be added on to us (Matt. 25:34). Jesus not only taught fasting but He practiced it Himself (Matt. 6:16-18) and made it clear that we are to confess Him as Lord openly beginning with our relations (Matt. 10:32-33, Mk. 5:19). He never promised us that life will be bed of roses but promised us that in every trial and persecution, He will always be available to help (Jn. 16:1-6).

The Lord taught us that the true treasure is that which was sent to the Lord ahead of time (Lk. 12:16-34). And that no one is too poor to give infact the little given by a poor man in his poverty is of more value than the much given by a rich man in his e (Mk. 12:41-44). Christians are stewards of their money, time, talents, gifts and opportunities and the Lord expects everyone to “occupy till I come” (Lk. 19:11-27).

It is the desire of our Lord that we should bear “Fruit” “More fruit” and “Much fruit” (Jn. 15:2-5). The tree or branch (Christian) that does not bear fruit was to be cut down, destroyed cast into the fire (LK. 13:6-9, Jn. 15:6). We are also to be purged (Sanctified) in order that we will bear more fruit. The purging might be an unpleasant experience of “digging and digging” (Lk. 13:8) but it is highly essential.

Our Lord spoke of hell and eternal punishment at least 70 times in the Gospel e.g. (Matt. 25:41). In fact it is the Lord who gave us the clearest picture of torment in hell in Lk. 16:19-31 and He gave us a solemn warning to avoid hell at all cost (Mk. 9:42-48). In Jn. 14:1-3, our Lord left us the assurance that He was going away for a little while to prepare mansions for us in our Father’s home and then return to receive us.

The teachings of Christ could be summed up in one word- LOVE: Love God and love your fellowman (Matt. 22:37-39). Love is so essential for those going to heaven because there are nothing else three but love (1 Cor. 13:13, 1 Jn.4:8). Will you be there?

1. Summarize in 3 points the Lord’s teaching on Salvation.
2. Are Christian’s stewards of money only? Explain.
3. Is it true that Christ taught Love and discarded hell?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more about Jn.13:35, Matt. 28:19, Mk. 16:15, Matt. 5:44, 1 Jn. 4:19, Rom.5:8, Matt. 7:15-20.

MEMORY VERSE: Commit thy way unto the Lord trust also in him, and he shall bring it to pass.
Ps. 37:5.
BIBLE PASSAGE: Psalm 37:23-37

INTRODUCATION: The Christian is one who has renounced his own will and submits to the will of God for his life in all that he does. The life of Jesus Christ on earth is a perfect illustration of absolute conformity to the will of God (Heb. 10:7). As Jesus was assigned a specific task to perform on earth, so each Christian is similarly assigned a special task. The problem that faces every-Christian then is how to ascertain the will of God for his life. It is our prayer that this lesson will throw some light on this very crucial task of knowing the Lord’s will.

Yes, there is a plan for your life. There is a divine plan for each one of God’s people. This plan takes into consideration your personality, talents, needs, potentialities and environment (Eph. 2:10). God has ordained certain specific, tasks, works or race for each individual Christian (Heb. 12:1). Paul could say, “I have finished my course,” only when he had fulfilled his Ministry and his work was completed (11 Tim. 4:7).

God’s plan for you is very personal. It is just for you. And the plan is very detailed with every thing worked out step by step (Ps. 37:23). God might not reveal th3e distant future, but His guidance will be continuous (Isa. 58:11). He is always ready to reveal the next step to you but as usual you need to ask before you can receive (Ps. 143:8). One thing you can be sure of is that God’s will for you is always good and perfect (Rom. 12:2). You must also realize that you are incapable of planning your own life (Jere. 10:23) Only God knows the future and He is the one capable of choosing our vacation, life partner or path.

Yes, God’s plans always include certain features. For example, separation from sin into holiness is always in any divine plan (1 Thess. 4:3). Prayer and thanksgiving are always God’s will for us (1 Thess. 5:17-18). Everyone is also expected to do good deeds (1 Pet. 2:15). These three things are basic to every individual plan of God.

If you are a saved soul and you wish to know God’s plan for your life, there are certain things you must do.
(a) Trust in the Lord (Ps. 37:3, Ps. 32:8). You can only be guided by someone you trust.
(b) Commit everything to Him and Him only. Do not choose first and then ask Him to ratify (Ps. 37:5).
(c) Rest in Him and be patient. God is a King, in fact the King of Kings, therefore honour Him, and not hurry Him (Ps. 37:7). He promises to guide, but not necessarily to reveal His will the same day that you request it.
(d) Surrender to the will of God (Rom. 12:1-2). When He finally reveals His will to you, abide by it.

God is sovereign and does not work according to a set pattern, for He deals with each person differently. However God often guides through portions of Scriptures that keep flashing in to your mind (Ps. 119:105). Caution: Do not close your eyes and point at a random verse, God does not act haphazardly. Saturate yourself with the word of God so that the Lord can bring various portions to your mind as the need arises. God’s will is never contrary to the Bible. Therefore, know the Word. Another method commonly used by God is inner conviction that is given by the Spirit of God (Rom. 8:16). Caution: Always ask: “Is it the voice of my own desires or is it what God wants me to do?” (Jn. 16:13). And obstacle may be a stop light so that we can wait for Him!

There are other ways God may use in revealing His will but the above two are the surest. In all cases you surrender your own will and be absolutely neutral if you are to know His will. Pray for guidance, study the Word and wait on God. You only need light for one step at a time. Obey that light and then He will give you further light.

1. When are the plans for you life drawn up?
2. What do we learn about the will of God from Acts 22:14 and Ps. 32:8?
3. Mention three basic features of every plan of God?
4. Mention two guiding lights of guidance?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more: Isa. 30:21. Jn. 17:4, Ps. 37:4, Acts 16:6-10, Judges 6:37:39.

MEMORY VERSE: Wherefore in all things it behooved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people. Heb. 2:17.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Hebrews 2:3-18
INTRODUCATION: Jesus Christ is God and man simultaneously. While His Divinity is of great benefits to us, His humanity is also very precious to us (Heb. 2:18). In order to be the Saviour, Jesus had to be not only Divine and Virgin-born, but He must also be a true man. He was like us in every respect except that he never sinned. And because HE was sinless, He is able to stand before God and plead for us (1 Tim. 2:5).

There are several proofs that Jesus Christ was as we are, For example, He had human ancestry, that is, for Jesus to be human He must have a human parent, which He did in the person of His mother, Mary (Lk.2:7, Gal. 4:4). Jesus was born of the seed and lineage of David (Acts 13:22-23). Also Jesus possessed a physical nature (Jn. 1:14). He had flesh, blood, bones etc. (Heb. 2:14). In fact, like every man, Jesus had body, soul and spirit (Matt. 26:12, Matt. 26:38 and LK. 23:46). Not to confess that Jesus Christ is a man is a mark of the anti-Christ (1 Jn. 4:3). In fact one way to test a demon possessed person is to ask this question: “Has Jesus
Christ come in the flesh?” And they will answer with an emphatic “No.”

Like all human beings, Jesus Christ was subject to all the laws of human development. For example He started as an infact and He grew (Lk. 2:40). He asked questions like every normal growing child (Lk. 2:46). As He grew physically, He also grew mentally (Lk. 2:52). Even though He is God incarnate, He was taught obedience like all other human children (Heb. 5:8). Like every one of us, He tasted suffering even on a scale much greatest than ours (Heb. 2:10). He worked as a carpenter to the age of thirty, that is, He learnt a trade and worked hard at it too. Infact He did the job so thoroughly that He could not be distinguished from any other ordinary carpenter (Mk. 6:3). He suffered temptations like every other man (Heb. 2:18) and finally He suffered death because man is born to die (Heb. 9:27). If He had not been human, He could not have died because God and the angels never can die.

The benefits accruing to us from the humanity of Jesus Christ are very many. We can only list a few of them.
(a) He hungered (Matt. 4:2). Because Jesus knew the pangs of hunger that is why He is ever so ready to feed the hungry. (b) He once became weary (Jn.4:6) so He understands that we can be weary and always ready to renew our strength (Isa. 40:30-31). Not only was He weary once, He knows the need for sleep (Matt. 8:24). That is why He always gives His beloved sleep. (Ps. 127:2). That is why He watches over us not only during the day time but also at night when we sleep. (Ps. 121:4). (c) He is compassionate (Matt. 9:36) because He knew how much the flesh can endure. He being a man of sorrows knows how to sympathize with those in sorrows, Jn. 11:33, 35. Thank God that our Lord is human!

If Jesus had been God only, it would have been difficult for Him to fully appreciate our problems as human beings made of flesh and blood. But because He is also human, we can take all our problems to Him as an understanding friend. What a friend we have in Jesus! (Jn. 15:13).

1. What makes a body human? Does Jesus qualify?
2. List some laws of human development that Jesus followed?
3. List some benefits we gain from the humanity of Jesus?
4. If Jesus had been only God, could He have died for us?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more about Him: Mk. 10:21, Jn. 11:35, Matt. 14:23, Heb. 4:15, Heb. 7:14, Gal. 4:4-5.

MEMORY VERSE: Which also said, ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? This same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven. Acts 1:11.

BIBLE PASSAGE: 1 Thessalonians 4:13, 5:6

INTRODUCATION: Acts 1:10-11 describe the ascension of our Lord Jesus Christ as being (i) personal, (ii) bodily, (iii) visible and (iv) with power. The second coming of our Lord will be exactly the same. The Saviour first coming was in humiliation, but it will be in two stages:
(a) The rapture which is secret (1 Thess. 4:15-17), when the Lord comes FOR His saints and we meet Him in the air
(b) The revelation which is public (Rev.1:7), when the Lord comes WITH His saints to set up the Millennium (1 Thess. 3:13). The time of His coming is a secret that only God knows (Matt. 24:36).

The first coming of our Lord Jesus Christ was prophesied and those prophecies came to pass literally. This gives us great confidence that the prophecies of the second advent will also be fulfilled literally. His second coming was foretold:
(a) by the prophets (Dan. 7:13).
(b) by Jesus Himself (Matt. 25:31)
(c) by Paul (1 Tim. 6:14)
(d) by angels (acts 1:10-11)
None of these prophecies were fulfilled at His first coming.

He is coming again
(a) To complete the salvation of saints: He has delivered us from the power and penalty of sin but then He shall deliver us from the presence of sin (Heb. 9:28).
(b) To be glorified in His saints (11 Thess. 1:10);
(c) To bring to light the hidden things of darkness (1 Cor. 4:5)
(d) To judge (11 Tim. 4:1).
(e) To reign (Rev. 11:15).
(f) To receive us to be with Himself (Jn. 14: P3)
(g) To destroy death (1 Cor. 15:25-26).

He is coming
i. In the clouds (Matt. 24:30).
ii. In the glory of His Father (Matt. 16:27);
iii. In his own glory (Matt. 25:31).
iv. In flaming fire (11 Thess. 1:8)
v. With power and great glory (Matt. 24:30).
vi. Bodily, as He ascended (acts 1:9-11)
vii. With a shout and the voice of the archangel (1 Thess. 4:16).
viii. With His saints (1 Thess. 3:13);
ix. Accompanied by angels (Matt.16:27).
x. Suddenly (Mk. 13:36).

At the rapture we will meet Him in the air (1 Thess. 4:17); at the revelation, we will descend with Him to the earth. Probably He will land on the Mount of Olives (Zech. 14:4). Are you included in the “we?”

11 Tim. 3:1-7 lists 23 signs of His coming, most of which are very evident today. Can you list them? Matt.24:5-7, 12-38 lists ten signs which are:
i. False Christ; do you know at least one?
ii. Wars and rumours of war
iii. Famines
iv. Pestilences
v. Earthquakes
vi. Iniquity to abound
vii. Love of many waxes cold
viii. Eating
ix. Drinking
x. Marrying.

Other signs include: The destruction of Jerusalem (Lk. 21:20, 24); the completion of the Church (Rom. 11:25); the Gospel must be preached everywhere (Matt. 24:14) and the coming of the antichrist (11 Thess. 2:3-8). The preaching of the Gospel everywhere is one of the things delaying the coming of the Lord. What are you doing about it?

Is the Lord coming again or is He not? Be not deceived, dear friend. His coming is sure and certain (11 Pet. 3:3-12). While we ought to plan and work as if He were not coming for another century, we must live a holy and pure life all the time as if He were to return today (1 Thess. 3:12-13). This most important doctrine must affect our lives. It should keep us busy, preaching the Gospel day in day out and WATCHING! WATCH AND PRAY.

1. Name four people who prophesied of the second coming of Christ?
2. When will Christ return?
3. How will He return?
4. Where is He coming to?
5. Mention some of the signs of His coming?
6. Which are yet to be fulfilled?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more about the Lord’s second coming: Matt. 24:44, Matt. 24:50, Rev. 22:20.

MEMORY VERSE: The just shall live by faith. Gal.3:11.

BIBLE PASSAGE: Romans 6:1-18.

INTRODUCATION: After salvation, the deep cry of every heart should be for holiness, to be like Christ, to overcome sin and to live a blameless and holy life. Some Christians try and try to be holy and when they do not succeed, they sink down discouraged. Living on a standard lower than they desire.

They become fearful of preaching holiness lest they be seen as preaching something which they cannot practice. Some Christians have never even heard of the victorious life of holiness but they continue sinning and confessing, sinning and confessing from day to day. However, the Bible teaches glorious victory over sin for every believer (1 Jn.5:4). Here, John is not speaking about victory in heaven but victory on earth, daily victory over the world and the lusts thereof.

Did God promises victory over sin for a believer? Surely! He asked us to be holy as He is holy but added that without Him we can do nothing. That is, without His assistance we cannot live a holy and victorious life. Therefore, He decreed that sin shall not have dominion over us (Rom. 6:14); that we shall more than conquer sin through Him (Rom. 8:37), for He will cause us to triumph ALWAYS through Christ (11 Cor.2:14). Our victory is not just sometimes, but always. An abundant victory through Christ.

When God Promises anything, He will do it. It is left to us to believe Him since He is not a liar. Therefore these promises can only be mine by faith (Rom. 1:17). But what am I to believe in this case? I am to believe the following facts that are established in the Word of God:
(a) I died with Christ (Gal.2:20). Death frees a man once and forever from the power dominion of sin (Rom. 6:7). A dead man cannot steal, fornicate, covert or commit any other sin.
(b) I was buried with Him (Rom. 6:4). Not only was I dead, I was even buried too. Therefore all that is evil in me should remain permanently buried.
(c) I rose with Christ (Rom. 6:5. When Christ rose, He rose with a glorified body, a body over which sin can have no power or dominion. Since I rose with Him, sin can no longer have dominion over me.
(d) I now have power to live triumphantly with Him (Rom. 6:8). Since I died with Him, was buried with Him and rose again with Him, then the two of us, Christ and I, can now go on, hand in hand, from victory into victory, living triumphantly over and above sin.

As a Christian, I still have my own free will. I can choose or reject a life of victory over sin. If I choose victory, I certainly may have it as a gift from the Lord. If it is true that I am dead to sin with Christ, then there is only one thing for me to do and that is to yield my self to God (Rom.6;13). If I do that, then I can assume my new position by faith as someone who is “alive from the dead.” It is no longer a question of fighting sin, it is a matter of yielding to a more powerful force; the power of the resurrected Christ. The choice, however, is entirely mine: either to yield to sin or to Christ (Rom. 6:16). If I yield to Christ, I shall be free from the power of sin (Rom. 6:18); if I yield to sin, then I shall go down from iniquity to iniquity (Rom. 6:19).

Maybe you have tried to live victoriously before and you have failed. What should be done now? (1 Jn. 1:9) is still true. Jesus has never failed. Your failure has not weakened Christ. He is as strong as ever before and still able to give you victory if only will yield to Him. If you have succeeded in the past, please do not rely on past victories for future victory. Always rely on Christ alone. Memorize the promises and any time temptations come, quote them to the devil. Rest in the Lord constantly. Obey the commands of the Spirit as He directs you in your daily routines. You are already a victor. Claim your victory NOW. Begin today by thanking God.

1. Is it possible to live a life of victory over sin?
2. How?
3. Name two promises of God in the issue?
4. Can someone who had failed before succeed now? How?

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you about how to live a victorious life over sin: Jn.10:10, 1 Cor.10:13, Gal. 5:16, Gal. 3:11, Heb. 10:38, 11 Cor.12:9, Col. 1:27.

MEMORY VERSE: Except a man be born-again he cannot see the kingdom of God. John 3:3.

INTRODUCTION: What do we mean when we say someone has been born again? What is new birth? New birth is the creation of a new life in man by the Holy Spirit. All men were born into the family of Satan because every man born of woman is born unclean. (Job. 25:4). Therefore in order to become a member of the family of God, a new birth becomes necessary. The person who is born again has a second birthday and begins a new life.

We are all born sinners. There is terrible wickedness deep within us (Jere. 17:9). We may try to suppress it through home-training or education but anytime someone really offends us, the animal in us will rear its terrible head. (Jere. 13:23). It is impossible for us to be truly good deep within us without a rebirth. Now God says we must be holy in order to see Him. (Heb.12:14). But holiness is foreign to anyone who is not born again. He was born in sin, enjoys sinning. It is through the new birth that a man can live holy life.

Who needs to be born again? Is it only religious people like Nicodemus or a persecutor like Saul of Tarsus? Is it the rich, the educated or the poor and unlearned? Everybody needs to be born again. (Jn. 3:3, 7). There are no exceptions, male and female, young and old, white, yellow or black all must be born again. (Gal.6:15). That includes you.

The new birth is not baptism. Baptism is a Church ordinance signifying that one is a Christian and has died with Christ, been buried, risen with Christ and is now living daily with Him. The new birth is a decorated but an entirely new man.

Just as we have parents during our first birth, so also we have parents during our second birth. The parents of the born again man are (a) Jesus Christ, the Word. (1 Pet. 1:23) and (b) The Holy Spirit. (John 3:5,6). The Author of the new birth is God the Father (John 6:44), the channel of the new birth is God the Son. (John 3:16) and executor i.e. the one who makes the new birth possible is God the Holy Spirit (John 6:63). In one word, anyone who is born again becomes a child of God.

To be born again you must believe Jesus Christ who is the Word of God. (1 Pet. 1; 25). That is you must believe what the Bible says about you. (a) That you are a sinner. (Rom. 3:23) (b) That unless you turn to Jesus Christ for the salvation of your soul, you shall perish. (Rom. 6:23) (C) That you must receive Jesus Christ into your life as both Saviour and Lord (John 1:12). Then call on the name of the Lord! (Rom. 10:13).

Any one who is born again will have the following evidences.
(a) He will live a righteous life. (1 Jn 2:29).
(b) He will no longer be able to sin. (1 Jn 3:9).
(c) He will learn to love. (1 Jn. 4:7).
(d) He will live an overcoming Life. (1 Jn. 5:4).
(e) He will believe that Jesus is the Christ. (1 Jn.5:1)
Are all these evidences in your life? If yes, then you are born again, if no you better start praying.

FURTHER READINGS: The following passages will tell you more about the new birth. Eph. 2:1, James 1:18, Jn. 1:13, 1 Cor. 4:15, Jn. 4:14, Jn.7:38.

Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and today, and for ever.

Hebrews 13: 8


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